Ingredient Glossary

Or browse by letter

A · B · C · D · E · F · G · H · I · J · K · L · M · N · O · P · Q · R · S · T · U · V · W · X · Y · Z

A

Acacia Gum

Acacia Gum, also known as gum acacia or gum arabic, is a purified vegetable gum obtained from the acacia tree.


Acai

Acai is a small, round, dark fruit that comes from the acai palm tree. Acaci Extract is a concentrated form of acai juice or fruit.


Acerola

Acerola is a tropical fruit-bearing shrub or small tree. Acerola Juice comes from the fruit of this shrub. Acerola Juice Extract and Acerola Juice Powder are concentrated forms of acerola juice or fruit.


Acesulfame Potassium

Acesulfame Potassium, also known as Ace-K, is a low-calorie sweetener. It is approximately 200 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose) which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it contributes few, if any, calories. Acesulfame Potassium has been approved for use in foods and beverages by the U.S. FDA and health organizations around the world and has been used in the U.S. since 1988. For more information visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.


Acid Reduced Orange Juice

Acid Reduced Orange Juice is reduced acid juice of an orange.


Agave Syrup

Agave Syrup (sometimes called Agave Nectar) comes from a cactus like plant found in Mexico. It is an alternative for sugar, honey, fructose and other sweeteners.


Almond

Edible seed of the Almond tree


Almond Butter

A food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted almonds


Almond Oil

Almond Oil is the oil extracted from almonds.


Almonds

Almonds are the edible seed of the Almond tree


Alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate

Alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate is a form of Vitamin E Acetate which is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.


Amaranth

Like quinoa, is often referred to as an ancient grain. These grains differ from oats, as they do not belong to the same plant family, but can be used in similar ways.


Annatto

A botanical derivative extracted from the annatto plant.


Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar is vinegar made from fermented apple juice


Apple Juice

Apple Juice is juice from apples. Apple Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from apples.


Apple Juice from Concentrate

Apple Juice from Concentrate is concentrated apple juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Apple Powder

Apple Powder is made from apples that have been dried and ground into a powder.


Apple Powder with Sodium Sulfite for Color Retention

Dehydrated apples with added sodium sulfite to retain color


Apple Puree

Crushed apples, the edible fruit of the apple tree, species Malus domestica in the rose family (Rosaceae)


Apple Puree Concentrate

Apples that have been crushed, pasteurized, and concentrated (liquid removed)


Apples

The edible fruit of the apple tree, species Malus domestica in the rose family (Rosaceae). One of the most widely cultivated tree fruits. Apples grow on small, deciduous trees. There are over 7500 different species of apples


Aronia Juice

Aronia Juice is juice from aronia berries which are a red-violet wild fruit. Aronia juice has a strong, stable color and a dry and sour flavor.


Artificial Color

Artificial Colors are ingredients added to our beverages to offset natural color loss from exposure to light, air, temperature extremes, and/or storage conditions; to correct natural variations in the color of our ingredients; or simply for the fun that color can provide. All colors used in our products are approved by the FDA.


Artificial Flavor

Artificial Flavors are ingredients used for flavoring that are not derived from a natural substance such as a fruit or fruit juice, spice, vegetable or herb. All flavors, natural and artificial, used in our beverages are safe and legal.


Artificial Strawberry Flavor

Artificial Flavors are ingredients used for flavoring that are not derived from a natural substance such as a fruit or fruit juice, spice, vegetable or herb.


Ascorbic Acid

Ascorbic Acid is another name for Vitamin C.


Aspartame

Aspartame is a sugar substitute made up of two amino acids: aspartic acid and phenylalanine. When aspartic acid and phenylalanine are combined they create a sweet taste similar to sugar. Aspartame is approximately 200 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose) which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it contributes few, if any, calories. Aspartame has been used in the U.S. since 1981. It has been approved by the FDA and health organizations around the world. For more information on Aspartame and other sugar substitutes visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.


B

Bacillus Coagulans GBI-30 6086

Bacillus Coagulans GBI-30 6086 is a type of bacteria. It is used similarly to lactobacillus and other probiotics as a beneficial bacteria.


Baking Soda

The bicarbonate salt of sodium. A mineral that can be derived from nahcolite. Commonly known as baking soda.


Banana Flake Powder

100% Dehydrated Bananas.


Banana Flakes

100% Dehydrated Bananas.


Banana Puree

Crushed bananas, the edible fruit of the flowering plants of the genus Musa.


Banana Puree Concentrate

Bananas that have been crushed, pasteurized, and concentrated (liquid removed)


Barley

European annual grass


Barley Grass

Barley Grass is a European annual grass.


Barley Malt

Barley Malt is a germinated cereal grain. It contains gluten.


Basil Extract

Basil Extract is concentrated basil.


Beet Juice

Beet Juice is juice from the beetroot plant.


Beet Juice (color)

Beet Juice (color) is concentrated juice from beetroot plants that is used to provide color.


Benzoic Acid

Benzoic Acid is added to our products in the form of potassium benzoate or sodium benzoate. The U.S. FDA has approved both potassium benzoate and sodium benzoate for use in foods and beverages.


Beta-Carotene

Beta-Carotene is a substance found in many fruits and vegetables such as carrots and tomatoes. Once consumed, the body can convert beta-carotene into Vitamin A.


Bifidobacterium

Belong to a group of bacteria called lactic acid bacteria.


Black Carrot Juice

Black Carrot Juice is juice from black carrots. Black carrots contain anthocyanins which give them a deep purple color.


Black Currant Juice

Black Currant Juice is the juice from black currants. Black currants are the edible berries of a shrub.


Black Pepper

A flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice.


Black Tea

Black Tea is made from leaves from the camellia sinensis plant in hot water. Black tea differs from other types due to the process of drying and ageing, that results on a richer flavor than other teas.


Blackberry Juice Concentrate

Blackberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) juice of a blackberry.


Blood Orange Juice Concentrate

Blood Orange Juice Concentrate is concentrated juice of the blood orange, a variety of orange with crimson, almost blood-colored flesh.


Blue 1

Blue 1 is a colorant for foods and other substances. It is also known as Brilliant Blue and FD&C Blue 1.


Blue 2

Color additive that is insoluble in water.


Blueberries

The edible indigo-colored berries from the Vaccinium corymbosum shrub.


Blueberry Flavor

Blueberry Flavor is a flavor that tastes like blueberries.


Blueberry Juice Concentrate

Blueberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from blueberries.


Blueberry Puree Concentrate

Blueberry Puree Concentrate is made from blueberries that have been crushed, pasteurized, and concentrated (liquid removed)


Brewed Organic Apple

Brewed Organic Apple is dried organic apples that have brewed in water similar to herbal teas


Brewed Organic Ginger

Brewed Organic Ginger is dried organic ginger that has brewed in water similar to herbal teas


Brewed Organic Lemon Peel

Brewed Organic Lemon Peel is dried organic lemon peel that has brewed in water similar to herbal teas


Brewed Organic Orange Peel

Brewed Organic Orange Peel is dried organic orange peel that has brewed in water similar to herbal teas


Brewed Organic Sage

Brewed Organic Sage is dried organic sage that has brewed in water similar to herbal teas


Brewed Organic Spearmint

Brewed Organic Spearmint is an aromatic herb (species Mentha spicata), of the mint family (Lamiaceae, or Labiatae) that is organically grown and brewed to extract flavor.


Brewed Organic Wild Blackberry

Brewed Organic Wild Blackberry is dried organic wild blueberries that have brewed in water similar to herbal teas.


Brewed Tea

Brewed Tea is tea made by steeping tea leaves in hot water. All true tea comes from the camellia sinenis plant. Black tea is different from green, white or oolong teas in that is undergoes a process of drying and aging that results in a richer flavor than other teas.


Brominated Vegetable Oil

Brominated Vegetable Oil (BVO) is used in some beverages to help keep flavoring oils well-blended. Since oils do not mix well with water, BVO helps dissolve and keep the flavor oils evenly distributed throughout the beverages. BVO is usually derived from corn or soybean oil.


Brown Rice Flour

Flour made from ground brown rice.


Brown Rice Syrup

Sweetener made by cooking brown rice with enzymes to turn the starch into sugar. About half as sweet as sugar or honey.


Brown Sugar

Brown Sugar is produced by adding molasses to refined white sugar (sucrose). Light brown sugar contains 3.5% molasses and dark brown sugar has 6.5% molasses based on total volume. Although dark brown sugar may have slightly more flavor, the two can be used interchangeably in baking.


Butter Oil

A dairy product created by removing the moisture and the nonfat milk solids contained in butter


Buttermilk

A fermented dairy product also known as cultured buttermilk. Produced from cow’s milk and has a characteristically sour taste (acidity due to active cultures).


Buttermilk Powder

Obtained by drying buttermilk (a fermented dairy product) to remove the liquid.


Butylated Hydroxytoluene

A synthetic white crystalline powder.


B-Vitamins

B-Vitamins are essential for good health and have been shown to be important for helping the body process protein, carbohydrates and fats. B-Vitamins are important for the metabolism and proper functioning of the immune and nervous systems. There are many vitamins that make up the B-Vitamin complex including: Thiamine (Vitamin B1), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Niacin (Vitamin B3), Pantothenic acid or pantothenate (Vitamin B5), Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Bioton (Vitamin B7), Folic Acid or Folate (Vitamin B9), and Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12).


C

Caffeine

Caffeine occurs in more than 60 plants such as coffee beans, tea leaves, kola nuts, guarana and cacao beans, and is found in many common foods and beverages made from these plants such as coffee, tea and chocolate.


Calcium Carbonate

Mineral salt compound of calcium and carbonic acid.


Calcium Chloride

Calcium Chloride is a form of calcium that is a salt.


Calcium Citrate

Calcium Citrate is a form of calcium that is the salt of citric acid.


Calcium Disodium Edta

Calcium Disodium EDTA is an abbreviation for calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid. It is used in foods and beverages as a preservative and to protect freshness and taste.


Calcium Hydroxide

A compound made by adding water to limestone (not lime juice). It is also called “slaked lime.”


Calcium Lactate

Calcium Lactate is a salt made by combining calcium carbonate and lactic acid.


Calcium Pantothenate (Vitamin B5)

Calcium Pantothenate (Vitamin B5) is one of the B-Vitamins. It is essential in the breakdown of fats and protein and is found in milk, leafy vegetables, fresh meat and egg yolks.


Calcium Phosphate

Calcium phosphate is a form of calcium that is the salt of phosphoric acid.


Calcium Silicate

Calcium Silicate is a white free-flowing powder made from calcium oxide and silica.


Cane Or Beet Sugar

Cane or Beet Sugar is sugar derived from the Sugar Cane or Beet plant.


Cane Sugar

Cane Sugar is sugar derived from the Sugar Cane plant.


Canola Oil

Bland flavored oil made from the canola plant (also known as rapeseeds.)


Caramel Color

Caramel Color is made by a process involving the heating of corn or cane sugar and other carbohydrates to achieve the desired color. Caramel coloring in beverages has been evaluated for safety by agencies like the Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives of the World Health Organization and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.


Carbonated Water

Carbonated Water, also known as soda water, sparkling water or seltzer water, is water containing carbon dioxide which makes it effervescent or bubbly.


Carmine (color)

Carmine (color) is a crimson-red color used in beverages and foods.


Carnauba Wax

Derived from leaves of Brazilian wax palm tree (Copernicia Cerifera).


Carob Powder

The cocoa-like flavor and color that comes from the carob bean, a member of the pea family largely cultivated in the Mediterranean region.


Carrageenan

Carrageenan is derived from plant extracts (algae or seaweed).


Carrot Juice

Carrot Juice is juice from carrots. Carrot Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from carrots.


Carrot Juice Concentrate (color)

Carrot Juice Concentrate (color) is concentrated juice from carrots that is used to provide color.


Cashews

A tree nut with a sweet, buttery flavor.


Cellulose Gel

Cellulose is the structural component of the primary cell wall of green plants. A gel is a substance created when particles combine with liquids to produce a thick jelly-like product.


Cellulose Gum

Cellulose Gum is derived from cellulose, which is plant derived.


Chamomile Extract

Chamomile Extract is a concentrated material made from the chamomile plant. The chamomile plant is a member of the daisy family, is native to Europe and Western Asia, and has been used for many years as a herb and to make common beverages.


Cherry Juice From Concentrate

Cherry Juice From Concentrate is concentrated cherry juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Chicory Root

A somewhat woody, perennial herbaceous plant of the dandelion family Asteraceae, usually with bright blue flowers, rarely white or pink.


Chocolate Liquor

The dark brown paste that remains when the cocoa butter is removed from ground cacao beans. Base material for all chocolate products. Liquor is the technical term for paste-like substance obtained from grinding cocoa beans and does not contain alcohol (term would be chocolate liqueur). Is solid at room temperature if properly tempered.


Cholecalciferol

A fat-soluble vitamin that is found in food and can also be made in your body after exposure to sun. Helps to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D helps to form and maintain strong bones. Vitamin D3 comes in several forms.


Chopped Dates

Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.


Chromium Picolinate

Chromium Picolinate is a combination of the essential trace mineral chromium and picolinic acid. It is found in breast milk and is easily absorbed and used by the body.


Cinnamon

A spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum.


Citric Acid

Citric Acid is an organic acid that can be found in citrus fruits such as lemons and oranges and can be produced from different plant sources, including corn.


Citrus Pectin

Citrus Pectin is a soluble fiber that comes from citrus rinds.


Clarified Juice Concentrate

Clarified Juice Concentrate is made by removing water from juice and filtering it to remove the pulp and improve consistency.


Clarified Pineapple Juice Concentrate

Clarified juice concentrate is made by removing water from juice, filtering it to remove the pulp and to improve consistency.


Cochineal (color)

Cochineal (color) is a crimson-red color used in beverages and foods.


Cocoa

Cocoa comes from the seeds of the cacao tree and is the base for making chocolate. There are two types of unsweetened cocoa, unalkalized and alkalized cocoa. Unalkalized cocoa is milder in flavor and lighter in color while alkalized is richer in flavor and darker in color. Alkalized cocoa is treated to neutralize its naturally occurring acids and to deliver a darker color.


Coconut

The coconut tree is a member of the family Arecaceae and the only species of the genus Cocos. The term coconut can refer to the whole coconut palm or the seed, or the fruit, which, botanically, is a drupe, not a nut


Coconut Oil

A plant oil.


Coconut Paste

Made from fresh coconut meat that is blended at high speeds to create a smooth and creamy consistency


Coconut Water Concentrate

Coconut Water Concentrate is concentrated clear liquid from inside young coconuts


Confectioner's Glaze

Common name used in candy industry for food grade glossy coating. Does not contain dairy components/lactose.


Corn

Cereal plant of the grass family Poaceae


Corn Flour

Flour ground from the kernels of the corn plant


Corn Maltodextrin

A polysaccharide usually produced from corn, tapioca or wheat starch.


Corn Starch

Made from the endosperm (fleshy, starchy part) of the corn.


Corn Syrup

Corn Syrup is a thick syrup made from corn starch. It is an alternative for sugar, honey, fructose and other sweeteners.


Corn Syrup Solids

Dried dextrose, or dried glucose syrup which is derived from corn.


Cranberries

A glossy, scarlet red, very tart berry, the cranberry belongs to the same genus as the blueberry, Vaccinium.


Cranberry Juice Concentrate

Cranberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from cranberries.


Cream

Cream is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, all cream must contain at least 18% milk fat. Light cream, also called coffee cream or table cream, must have at least 18% milk fat, but less than 30% milk fat. Heavy cream must have at least 36% milk fat. All cream products are pasteurized or ultra-pasteurized.


Cucumber Juice

Cucumber Juice is the juice from cucumbers.


Cultured Milk

Milk that has been fermented wit lactic acid or bacteria. Also known as fermented milk.


Cultures

Live bacteria, yeasts or molds used in food production


Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)

Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) is one of the B-Vitamins which are important for a wide number of functions in the body including metabolism, the formation of red blood cells, and the maintenance of the central nervous system. Vitamin B12 is found in many foods including eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, and milk products.


D

Dates

Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.


Degerminated Milled Corn

The corn kernel first has the outside shell ground off in the mill and removed. The rest of it is then ground finer. Corn flower is the finest grind.


Degerminated White Corn Grits

White corn grits that have been hulled and have been stripped of their bran and germ


Degerminated White Corn Meal

A coarsely ground flour made from dried corn.


Degerminated Yellow Corn Meal

A coarsely ground flour made from dried corn.


Dehydrated Apples

Apples that have had water/liquid removed through dehydration


Dextrin

A starch gum or a carbohydrate produced by the hydrolysis of starch.


Dextrose

Dextrose is a simple sugar that is made from corn and is chemically identical to glucose.


Diacetyl Tartaric Acid Ester Of Mono-Diglycerides

Also known as DATEM. Composed of mixed esters of glycerin in which one or more of the hydroxyl groups of glycerin has been esterified by diacetyl tartaric acid and by fatty acids. The ingredient is prepared by the reaction of diacetyl tartaric anhydride with mono- and diglycerides that are derived from edible sources.


Dipotassium Phosphate

A highly water-soluble salt. Common source of phosphorus and potassium.


Disodium Guanylate

The sodium salt of guanosine monophosphate


Disodium Inosinate

The sodium salt of inosinic acid


Disodium Phosphate

A sodium salt of phosphoric acid that holds moisture and is water soluble.


Dl-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate

DL-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate is a form of Vitamin E Acetate which is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.


Dragon Fruit Flavor

Dragon Fruit Flavor is a flavor that tastes like dragon fruit.


D-Ribose

D-Ribose (sometimes referred to as Ribose) is a naturally occurring five-carbon sugar. It is a sweet, solid, water soluble substance that is produced from the fermentation of corn syrup.


Dried Apple Pieces

Apples that have had water/liquid removed through dehydration


Dried Apple Puree

Dehydrated crushed apples


Dried Apples

Apples that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Blueberries

Blueberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Broccoli

Broccoli that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Carrots

Carrots that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Cherries

Cherries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Coconut

Coconut that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Cranberries

Cranberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Fig Pieces

Figs that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Mangoes

Mangoes that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Parsley

Parsley that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Pineapples

Pineapples that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated)


Dried Raspberries

Raspberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Spinach

Spinach that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Strawberries

Strawberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Sweet Potatoes

Sweet potatoes that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Sweetened Cranberries

Sweetened cranberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Sweetened Pineapples

Sweetened pineapples that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dried Whole Egg

Deyhdrated eggs (liquid removed)


Dried Yogurt

Yogurt that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Dry Lemon Juice

Dry Lemon Juice is dehydrated lemon juice


Dry Whey

Dry, solid form of whey protein


Dry Whole Milk

Dry, solid form of whole milk


E

Egg Whites

The white of an egg, the egg yolk has been removed.


Elderberry Extract

Elderberry Extract is concentrated elderberry


Elderberry Juice Concentrate

Elderberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from elderberries.


Elderberry Juice Concentrate (Color)

Elderberry Juice Concentrate (Color) is juice made by removing water from Elderberry juice for a deep color.


Electrolytes

Electrolytes are minerals, like sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium, that regulate the flow of body fluids in and out of every cell.


Enriched Bleached Flour

Bleached flour that has had the nutrients lost during processing added back in


Enzyme Modified Cheddar Cheese

Cheese which has been treated with enzymes to produce a concentrated cheese flavor


Enzymes

Substances that cause foods to break down into chemical compounds or nutrients that the body can digest, absorb, and use as energy.


Erythorbic Acid

Erythorbic Acid is chemically identical to vitamin C (ascorbic acid), the only difference being the shape of the molecule.


Erythritol

Erythritol is a type of sweetener called a Polyol. Polyols have been used to sweeten foods around the world for many years.


Espresso Coffee

Espresso Coffee is coffee that is brewed by forcing very hot water, which is under high pressure, through coffee beans that typically have a dark roast and have been ground to a very fine consistency.


Ester Gum

Ester Gum is a purified rosin from pine trees that is combined with glycerin to form glycerol esters, which make it more soluble.


Extract

Extracts are concentrated material made from the juice or fruit of a plant.


F

Ferrous Fumarate

An essential mineral used by your body. It is found in many foods including oysters, meat, meat, poultry, fish, dried fruits, molasses, whole grains, legumes, egg yolks, leafy green vegetables, nuts and seeds. Various synthetic forms include ferric orthophosphate, ferrous sulfate, and reduced iron.


Ferrous Sulfate

A source of iron that may be used as part of the enrichment process of certain flours or other milled grains.


Filtered Pear Juice

Filtered Pear Juice is pear juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and fruit solids.


Filtered Water

Filtered Water is water that has been passed through a device which removes impurities from water by means of a fine physical barrier, or chemical process. It has fewer total dissolved solids (TDS) than water that has not been filtered.


Flaxseed

Small seed of flax plant. Also called linseed


Folate (Vitamin B9)

Folate is the naturally-occurring form of Vitamin B9 found in many foods including dark green leafy vegetables, oranges, fruits, rice, brewer’s yeast, beans, asparagus, soybeans and soy flour.


Folic Acid

Folic Acid is the synthetic form of Vitamin B9.


Fructose

Fructose is a simple sugar made up of a single sugar molecule and is found in fruit, honey, vegetables, table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). Note: Table sugar (sucrose) and HFCS are both made of a combination of fructose and another simple sugar, glucose.


Fruit and Vegetable Juice (color)

Fruit and Vegetable Juice (color) is concentrated juice from fruits and vegetables that is used to provide color.


Fruit Juices from Concentrate

Fruit Juices from Concentrate are fruit juice concentrates that have been reconstituted (water added back). If a fruit juice is reconstituted from concentrate, the amount of water that can be added to make it equivalent to the natural fruit juice is regulated by the U.S. FDA.


Fumaric Acid

Fumaric Acid is a tart tasting acid.


G

Garlic Powder

Allium sativum, commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive and rakkyo.


Gelatin

A protein generally obtained from animal sources.


Gellan Gum

Gellan Gum is obtained by fermentation of a carbohydrate (sugar). Dissolves in water.


Ginger

Ginger is a pungent herb commonly used as a cooking spice throughout the world. (Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from parts of a plant.)


Ginger Juice

Ginger Juice is juice from the ginger plant.


Ginger Root Powder

Ginger Root Powder is a pungent herb commonly used as a cooking spice throughout the world that has been dried and ground finely.


Glucose

Glucose is a simple sugar made up of a single sugar molecule and is found in fruit, honey, vegetables, table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). Note: Table sugar (sucrose) and HFCS are both made of a combination of glucose and another simple sugar, fructose.


Glucose Syrup

A simple sugar made up of a single sugar molecule and is found in fruit, honey, vegetables, table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). Note: Table sugar (sucrose) and HFCS are both made of a combination of glucose and another simple sugar, fructose.


Glycerin

Glycerin is a simple polyol compound that can be sourced from plants or animals and can be used in creating flavors.


Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin

Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin is a purified rosin from pine trees that is combined with glycerin to form glycerol esters to make it more soluble.


Grape Juice Concentrate

Grape Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from grapes.


Grapefruit Flavor

Grapefruit Flavor is a flavor that tastes like grapefruit.


Grapefruit Juice

Juice of grapefruits, a large citrus fruit related to the orange, lemon and pomelo. Categorized as white (blond), pink or ruby. However, this terminology doesn't reflect their skin color, which is either yellow or pinkish-yellow, but rather describes the color of their flesh. The primary varieties of Florida grapefruit are Ruby Red, Pink, Thompson, Marsh and Duncan


Grapefruit Juice from Concentrate

Grapefruit Juice from Concentrate is concentrated juice from grapefruits that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Green Coffee Bean

Green Coffee Bean is a “raw”, unroasted coffee bean.


Green Tea

Green Tea, like all true teas, comes from the camellia sinensis plant. It differs from black and oolong teas in that it has not undergone as much aging or drying during processing and, as a result, is lighter in flavor.


Guar Gum

Naturally occurring vegetable gum made from the seed of the guar plant.


Guarana (Paullinia Cupana)

Guarana is a nut-like seed of a climbing vine that grows primarily in Brazil and is a source of caffeine.


Gum Acacia

Gum Acacia, also known as gum arabic and acacia gum, is a purified vegetable gum obtained from the acacia tree.


Gum Arabic

Gum Arabic, also known as gum acacia and acacia gum, is a purified vegetable gum obtained from the acacia tree.


H

Hazelnuts

The nut of the hazel and includes any of the nuts deriving from species of the genus Corylus, especially the nuts of the species Corylus avellana. It also is known as cobnut or filbert nut


Hibiscus Extract

Hibiscus Extract is a concentrated material from a hibiscus plant. Hibiscus plants are a common type of plants found in many regions. Hibiscus is a primary ingredient in many herbal teas.


High Fructose Corn Syrup

High Fructose Corn Syrup is a liquid sweetener which is similar to sucrose (table sugar) in chemical composition, calories, sweetness, absorption and metabolism but is made from corn. HFCS has the same calories as sucrose - approximately 4 kilocalories per gram - and can replace sugar in one-for-one proportions.


Honey

A sweet viscous food substance produced by bees


Huito Juice

Huito Juice is the juice of the huito fruit which comes from the Genipa Americana tree.


Hydrogenated Palm Oil

Oil that has been changed from liquid to semi-solid by adding hydrogen to the oil (example: margarine formed by fully hydrogenating liquid oils). This process slightly increases the saturated fat content of the oil but is NOT a source of trans fat (Partially hydrogenated oils are sources of trans fat).


Hydrolyzed Canola Protein

Canola plant protein that has been broken down into it's component amino acids


Hydrolyzed Corn and Soy Protein

Protein that has been broken down into it's component amino acids


Hydrolyzed Corn Gluten

Protein that has been broken down into it's component amino acids


Hydrolyzed Soy Protein

Protein that has been broken down into it's component amino acids


I

Inositol

Inositol is a type of sugar called a polyol which has a different chemical structure than glucose. It is a basic part of cell membranes, and is important in nerve, brain and muscle function. Inositol is found in many plant-derived foods.


Instant Tea

Instant Tea is brewed tea that has been dehydrated and granulated or powdered so that it dissolves quickly in cold or hot water.


Inulin

Substance derived from chicory plant.


Invert Sugar

Invert Sugar is table sugar that has been broken down (inverted). Table sugar is made up of two types of basic sugars: glucose and fructose. To make invert sugar syrup, sugar is treated with an enzyme, which splits the whole table sugar molecule into its basic sugars, one glucose and one fructose molecule.


Isomaltulose

Isomaltulose is a sucrose isomer that has a structure similar to sucrose (table sugar) but is less sweet. The U.S. FDA has recognized isomaltulose as a dietary non-cariogenic carbohydrate sweetener meaning that it does not produce tooth cavities. FDA advises that non-cariogenic carbohydrate sweeteners, such as isomaltulose, can be used to replace dietary sugars, such as sucrose and corn sweeteners, in certain foods to reduce the likelihood of tooth decay.


J

Juice

Juice is liquid contained in fruits and vegetables. It is prepared by crushing or squeezing fresh fruits or vegetables in order to obtain their liquids and sometimes to also obtain some of the pulp that remains after crushing or squeezing.


Juice Concentrate

Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of the liquid from fruits and vegetables.


K

Kale Powder

From the plant species Brassica oleracea. A kale plant has green or purple leaves and the central leaves do not form a head.


Kefir Culture

Kefir Culture is kefir grains fermented with a combination of lactic acid bacteria and yeasts in a matrix of proteins, lipids, and sugars


Kiwi Juice Concentrate

Kiwi Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from kiwi fruit.


L

Lactic Acid

An organic acid that can be derived via fermentation of a carbohydrate source or synthetically produced.


Lactose

Carbohydrate found in milk. Also referred to as “milk sugar”. Approximately 1/6th as sweet as sucrose (table sugar).


Lavender Flavor

Lavender Flavor is a flavor that tastes like lavender


L-Carnitine

L-Carnitine is an amino acid involved in the metabolism of fats.


L-Cysteine

A semi-essential proteinogenic amino acid


Lemon Extract

Lemon Extract is concentrated lemon.


Lemon Juice

Lemon Juice is the juice of lemons.


Lemon Juice from Concentrate

Lemon Juice from Concentrate is concentrated lemon juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Lemon Oil

Lemon Oil is oil that has been cold-pressed from the rinds of lemons.


Lemongrass

Lemongrass is a herb with long, thin, gray-green leaves and a woody scallion like base with a sour-lemon flavor and fragrance.


Lime Juice

Lime Juice is the juice of limes. Lime Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from limes.


Lime Juice from Concentrate

Lime Juice from Concentrate is concentrated lime juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Lime Juice Solids

Lime Juice Solids are a concentrated form of juice from limes, involving a process by which almost all water is removed.


L-Theanine

L-Theanine is an amino acid.


Lycopene

Lycopene is a red plant pigment that is inherent in foods such as tomatoes, guava, watermelon and pink grapefruit.


M

Magnesium Phosphate

Magnesium Phosphate is a general term for salts of magnesium and phosphate.


Magnesium Stearate

Magnesium salt containing stearic acid.  Stearic acid is an 18 carbon long saturated fat, common in our food supply.  It is readily metabolized to oleic acid (the monounsaturated fat found in olive oil).


Malic Acid

Malic Acid is a dicarboxylic acid found in a variety of fruits and many sour and tart-tasting foods.


Malt

Malt is a grain that is germinated and then quickly dried to develop enzymes which convert the grain’s starch to sugar. Barley is the most common malt due to its high enzyme content. Contains Gluten.


Malt Extract

A viscous concentrate of water extract of germinated grain


Malted Barley Extract

A viscous concentrate of water extract of germinated barley grain


Malted Barley Flour

Made by steeping, sprouting, drying and then grinding barley into flour.


Maltodextrin

Maltodextrin is a polysaccharide usually produced from corn starch, tapioca or wheat starch. Despite its name, maltodextrin is not related to barley or other malts.


Mange Puree Concentrate

Crushed and concentrated (liquids removed) mango, the ovoid fruit of the tropical evergreen tree, Mangifera indica, having a smooth rind, sweet juicy flesh, and a flat one-seeded stone. It is eaten ripe or pickled when green.


Mango Juice Concentrate

Mango Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from mangoes.


Mango Puree Concentrate

Mango Puree Concentrate is crushed and concetrated (liquids removed) mango, the ovoid fruit of the tropical evergreen tree, Mangifera indica, having a smooth rind, sweet juicy flesh, and a flat one-seeded stone. It is eaten ripe or pickled when green.


Milk

Milk is the lacteal secretion, practically free from colostrum, obtained by the complete milking of one or more healthy cows


Milk Fat

The fatty portion of milk, also called butterfat


Milk Powder

Milk Powder is a dry solid form of milk.


Milk Protein Concentrate

Milk Protein Concentrate is the concentrated form of the high quality milk proteins - casein and whey. The concentrate is greater than 80% pure protein.


Modified Corn Starch

Modified Cornstarch is a starch made from corn that has various uses in foods and beverages including thickening, to stabilize flavor oils.


Modified Food Starch

Modified Food Starch is a polysaccharide meaning it is made of many simple sugars that are linked together to form a long chain of sugar molecules. It is made by treating starch (usually corn but alternatively wheat, rice, potato or tapioca) to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules.


Modified Palm Kernel Oil

Modified Palm Kernel Oil is an edible plant oil derived from the kernel of the oil palm Elaeis guineensis. It should not be confused with the other two edible oils derived from palm fruits: palm oil, extracted from the pulp of the oil palm fruit, and coconut oil, extracted from the kernel of the coconut


Modified Palm Oil

Modified Palm Oil is a mix of the liquid and solid oil extracted from the fruit of the palm tree.


Modified Potato Starch

A polysaccharide (made up of many simple sugars that are linked together by chemical bonds to form a long chain of sugar molecules). Manufactured by treating starch (usually corn based, however may be derived from wheat, rice, potato or tapioca) to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules.


Modified Wheat Starch

A polysaccharide (made up of many simple sugars that are linked together by chemical bonds to form a long chain of sugar molecules). Manufactured by treating wheat starch to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules.


Mojito Flavor

Mojito Flavor is a flavor that tastes like a mojito.


Molasses

Thick syrup produced during the refining of sugar (sugar cane) or from sorghun (cereal grass). Varies from light to dark brown in color.


Monk Fruit Extract

Monk fruit is a small melon from the Siraitia grosvenorii, a herbaceous perennial vine of the Cucurbitaceae family. It is 150-200 times sweeter than sugar that is supplied in a concentrated powder form.


Mono And Diglycerides

Substance obtained by combining specific fats or oils with glycerol (a sugar alcohol). Derived from plant sources, not from animals.


Monoglyceride

A Monoglyceride is a substance created by combining specific fats or oils with glycerol (a sugar alcohol). It is derived from plant sources, not from animals.


Monopotassium Phosphate

Monopotassium Phosphate is a soluble salt which is a nutritive source of phosphorus and potassium


Monosodium Glutamate

The sodium salt of glutamic acid. Has an "umami" or meaty flavor.


Monounsaturated Canola Oil

Type of fat found in a variety of foods such as avocado, olive and rapeseed (canola) oils. Liquid at room temperature (oil)


Morello Cherry Flavor

Morello Cherry Flavor is a flavor that tastes like morello cherries.


N

Natural And Artificial Flavor

Includes both natural and artificial flavorings


Natural Flavor

Natural flavors are flavors obtained from essences or extracts of substances found in nature such as spices, fruits, fruit juices, vegetables, or herbs.


Natural Smoke Flavor

Made by collecting the smoke from burning wood, dissolving it in water and condensing it into solids


Niacin (Vitamin B3)

Niacin is a form of Vitamin B3. It is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans and whole grain breads or cereals.


Niacinamide (Vitamin B3)

Niacinamide is a form of Vitamin B3. It is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans and whole grain breads or cereals.


Nonfat Dry Milk

Dry, solid form of non-fat milk (skim milk). Contains no more than 1.5 percent fat and no more than 5 percent moisture.


Nonfat Milk

Nonfat Milk, also known as skim milk, is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, Nonfat Milk must contain less than 0.5% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.


O

Oat Bran

Outer layer of the groat. Ground into powdery beige granules. Natural source of soluble fiber.


Oat Fiber

Insoluable fiber from the oat hull.  


Oat Flour

Finely ground rolled oats. Remainder of oat groat after the oat bran has been removed in milling process.


Oat Hull Fiber

Insoluble fiber derived from oat hulls, the outermost part of the oat kernel that surrounds the oat groat


Odorless Garlic

Odorless Garlic is allium sativum, a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive and rakkyo.


Oligofructose

A synonym for fructo-oligosaccharide or FOS. A carbohydrate derived from fruits and vegetables.


Onion Powder

Dehydrated and ground onions.


Orange Juice

Orange Juice is the juice from oranges. Orange Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from oranges.


Orange Juice Solids

Orange Juice Solids are a concentrated form of juice from oranges, involving a process by which almost all water is removed.


Orange Peel

Orange Peel is the rind of the orange, often used as zest (the colored portion.)


Organic Astragalus Extract

Organic Astragalus Extract is concentrated organically grown astragalus.


Organic Black Pepper Extract

Organic Black Pepper Extract is organically grown concentrated black pepper


Organic Black Tea

Organic Black Tea is leaves from the organic camellia sinensis plant brewed in hot water. Black tea differs from other types due to the process of drying and ageing, that results on a richer flavor than other teas.


Organic Cardamom Extract

Organic Cardamom Extract is concentrated organic cardamom.


Organic Cayenne Extract

Organic Cayenne Extract is concentrated organically grown cayenne pepper.


Organic Chia Seeds

Seeds from the Salvia hispanica plant, a species of flowering plant in the mint family, that has been organically grown.


Organic Cinnamon

Organic Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that have been grown organically.


Organic Coconut Flavor

Organic Coconut Flavor is an organic flavor that tastest like coconut.


Organic Fig Concentrate

Organic Fig Concentrate is concentrated (water removed) organically grown fig.


Organic Fruit and Vegetable Juice for Color

Organic Fruit and Vegetable Juice for Color is concentrated juice from organically grown fruits and vegetables to provide color.


Organic Ginseng Extract

Organic Ginseng Extract is concentrated organically grown ginseng.


Organic Green Mandarin Extract

Organic Green Mandarin Extract is concentrated organically grown mandarins.


Organic Lemongrass Extract

Organic Lemongrass Extract is concentrated organic lemongrass


Organic Lime Extract

Orgainic Lime Extract is organic lime zest that has been mixed with oil


Organic Mango Flavor

Orgainc Mango Flavor is an organic flavor that tastes like mangos.


Organic Mango Puree

Organic Mango Puree is organically grown mangos that have been mashed, pasteurized, and concentrated (liquid removed).


Organic Maple Extract

Organic Maple Extract is concentrated organically grown maple syrup.


Organic Natural Flavor

Organic natural flavors are obtained from essences or extracts of sources found in nature such as roganic spice, fruit, vegetable, yeast, herb, plant material, meat, seafood, poultry, eggs, dairy products.


Organic Orange Extract

Organic Orange Extract is concentrated organic orange


Organic Orange Peel

Organic Orange Peel is the peel of an organically grown orange.


Organic Peach Flavor

Orgainic Peach Flavor is an organic flavor that tastes like peach.


Organic Pineapple Flavor

Organic Pineapple Flavor is an organic flavor that tastes like pineapple.


Organic Pomegranate Flavor

Organic Pomegranate Flavor is an organic flavor that tastes like pomegranate.


Organic Pomegranate Juice Concentrate

Organic Pomegranate Juice Concentrate is the concentrated juice of an organic pomegranate, a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae.


Organic Pumpkin Seeds

Also known as pepita, are the edible seeds of a pumpkin that has been grown organically


Organic Quinoa

The organically grown seed of the Goosefoot plant. Range in color from ivory, pinks, brown, red and black, and have a mild, slightly nutty flavor.


Organic Rose Essence

Organic Rose Essence is a concentrated form of rose water.


Organic Rose Hips Powder

Organic Rose Hips Powder is Fruit of the organically grown rose plant that has been dried and ground.


Organic Rose Water

Organic Rose Water is a liquid made from water and organically grown rose petals.


Organic Spinach Powder

Organic Spinach Powder is organically grown spinach that has been dried and ground.


Organic Spirulina Powder

Organic Spirulina Powder is organically grown spirulina, member of the blue algae family, that has been dried and ground.


Organic Starfruit Flavor

Oraganic Starfruit Flavor is an organic flavor that tastes like starfruit.


Organic Sugar

Sugar grown organically.


Organic Tapioca Syrup Solids

Starchy syrup extracted from an organic root plant, similar to a sweet potato or ginger.


Organic Watermelon Flavor

Organic Watermelon Flavor is an organic flavor that tastes like watermelon.


Organic Watermelon Juice

Organic Watermelon Juice is the juice of an organically grown watermelon.


Organic Whole Grain Rolled Oats

Organic groats which are steamed, rolled and uncut.


Organic Yumberry Flavor

Organic Yumberry Flavor is an organic flavor that tastes like yumberries


P

Palm Kernel And Palm Oil

Mix of both palm kernal oil, which comes from the pit of the palm fruit, and palm oil, which is from the fleshy part of the palm fruit.


Palm Kernel Oil

Palm Kernel Oil is made from the pit of the palm fruit and is higher in saturated fat than palm oil (which is made from the fleshy part of the fruit). It is solid at room temperature.


Palm Oil

Palm Oil is made from the fleshy part of the palm fruit. It is relatively high in saturated fat and semi-solid at room temperature.


Panax Ginseng Root Extract

Panax Ginseng Root Extract is a concentrated material made from the roots of the Panax ginseng plant, also known as Korean ginseng. The main active components of ginseng are called ginsenosides.


Paprika

Substance from the dried, ground, ripe fruit of the herb Capsicum annuum (sweet peppers). Also called sweet pepper or pimiento.


Partially Defatted Peanut Flour

Peanuts that have been roasted and processed to obtain a lower fat peanut flour with a strong roasted flavor.


Passion Fruit Juice from Concentrate

Passion Fruit Juice from Concentrate is concentrated juice from the passion fruit that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Pasteurized Orange Juice

The juice of an orange that has been pasteurized (treated with heat to eliminate pathogens and extend shelf-life)


Pea Protein

Protein derived from peas


Peach Juice from Concentrate

Peach Juice from Concentrate is concentrated juice from peaches that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Peach Puree

Peach Puree is crushed peaches, the edible stone fruit from the Prunus persica, is a deciduous tree. A round, sweet fruit that has white or yellow flesh, soft yellow or pink skin, and a large, hard seed at the center


Peach Puree Concentrate

Peaches that have been crushed, pasteurized, and concentrated (liquid removed)


Peanut

A species in the legume family


Peanut Butter

A food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted peanuts


Peanut Oil

Oil from peanuts


Pear Juice

Pear Juice is juice from pears.


Pear Juice Concentrate

Pear Juice is juice from pears. Pear Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from pears.


Pearled Barley

Barley that has been processed to remove its hull and bran


Pecans

A species of hickory, a tree nut.


Pectin

Pectin is a soluble dietary fiber found in the cell walls of fruits and vegetables. In human digestion, pectin goes through the system intact and serves as a bulking agent. Since it is not absorbed, it has no nutritive value other than fiber. Pectin is produced commercially as a powder and mainly extracted from citrus fruits.


Peppermint

Peppermint is a hybrid mint, a cross between watermint and spearmint


Phenylalanine

Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid found in many protein-containing foods. It is also one of the two amino acid components present in aspartame. All products sweetened with aspartame carry a statement on the label to alert individuals with the rare genetic disease, phenylketonuria. These people must restrict their intake of phenylalanine. The statement reads Phenylketonurics: Contains Phenylalanine. Phenylalanine is found in almost all foods that contain protein such as beef, milk, fish, eggs, and cheese. People with the disease phenylketonuria must avoid eating these foods as well as avoiding intake of phenylalanine itself. For the rest of the population phenylalanine and phenylalanine containing foods are completely safe. For comparison, an 8-ounce glass of milk has more than 4 times as much phenylalanine as a 12-ounce Diet Pepsi.


Phosphoric Acid

Phosphoric acid is a mineral (inorganic) acid that is added to some soft drinks to provide tartness. The use of phosphoric acid adds some dietary phosphorus to the beverage.


Pineapple Juice

Pineapple Juice is juice from pineapples. Pineapple Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from pineapples.


Pistachio Nuts

A tree nut that is a member of the cashew family.


Polydextrose

A blend of glucose, citric acid and sorbitol.


Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate

Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate is a substance made from glycerol and fatty acids.


Pomegranate Juice Concentrate

Pomegranate Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) juice of a pomegranate, a several-celled reddish berry that is about the size of an orange with a thick leathery skin and many seeds with pulpy crimson arils of tart flavor


Potassium

Potassium is an essential dietary mineral and an electrolyte that helps meet the mineral needs of active people. It is found naturally in fruits, vegetables and meats. Orange and grapefruit juices are good sources. In beverages, it may be added for its nutrient value or come from other ingredients.


Potassium Benzoate

Potassium Benzoate is the potassium salt of benzoic acid.


Potassium Chloride

Potassium Chloride is the potassium salt of chloride.


Potassium Citrate

Potassium Citrate is the salt form of citric acid.


Potassium Phosphate

A generic term for the salts of potassium and phosphate ions including: Monopotassium phosphate, Dipotassium phosphate and Tripotassium phosphate.


Potassium Sorbate

Potassium Sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid.


Potassium Sulfate

Potassium Sulfate is the mineral salt of potassm.


Prickly Pear Juice Concentrate

Prickly Pear Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from the prickly pear fruit, Opuntia, which is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae.


Purified Stevia Leaf Extract

Purified Stevia Leaf Extract, also known as Reb-A and by the brand name PureVia, is a low calorie sweetener derived from the leaves of the Stevia plant that is 250 times sweeter than sugar so it has virtually no calories when used in foods and beverages.


Purified Water

Purified Water is water that is produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis or another suitable process that meets appropriate standards to be called purified water. It must contain no more than 10 ppm of dissolved solids.


Purple Carrot Juice Concentrate (color)

Purple Carrot Juice Concentrate (color) is concentrated juice from purple carrots that is used to provide color.


Purple Sweet Potato Juice Concentrate (color)

Purple Sweet Potato Juice (color) is concentrated juice from the purple sweet potato that is used to provide color.


Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6)

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride is the chemical name for vitamin B6, a water soluble vitamin that performs a wide variety of functions in the body. It is found in many foods including beans, nuts, legumes, eggs, meats, fish and whole grains.


Q

Quillaia

Quillaia is a purified (cooked, filtered and pasteurized) extract made from the bark of the Quillaia tree.


Quinoa

An ancient food originally cultivated by the Incas. The seed of the Goosefoot plant. Range in color from ivory, pinks, brown, red and black, and have a mild, slightly nutty flavor. The seeds are gluten free which makes it a nutritional alternative for those with celiac disease.


R

Raisins

Dried grapes


Red 3

A colorant for foods and other substances. Also known as Erythrosine and FD&C Red3.


Red 40

Red 40 is a colorant for foods and other substances. Also known as Allura Red and FD&C Red40.


Red Grape Juice Concentrate (color)

Red Grape Juice Concentrate (color) is the concentrated juice from red grapes that is used to provide color.


Red Quinoa

An ancient food originally cultivated by the Incas. The seed of the Goosefoot plant. Range in color from ivory, pinks, brown, red and black, and have a mild, slightly nutty flavor. The seeds are gluten free which makes it a nutritional alternative for those with celiac disease.


Red Radish Juice (Color)

Edible root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family. There are numerous varieties, varying in size, color and duration of required cultivation time.


Red Raspberry Juice Concentrate

Concentrated Red Raspberry Juice is the concentrated form of juice from raspberries.


Red Raspberry Puree

Red Raspberry Puree is crushed raspberries, the edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus Rubus of the rose family, most of which are in the subgenus Idaeobatus.


Reduced Fat Milk

Reduced Fat Milk is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, Reduced Fat Milk must contain between 0.5% and 2% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.


Reduced Iron

Mineral used in food as a nutrient supplement.


Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)

Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) is a water-soluble B-Vitamin that is important for body growth and red blood cell production. It helps in releasing energy from the foods a person eats and is found in dairy products, meats, poultry, and fish.


Rice Flour

Rice Flour is a form of flour made from finely milled rice.


Rose Hip Extract

Rose Hip Extract is a concentrated material made from the rose plant. It contains vitamin C.


Rosemary

Rosemary is an aromatic spice from the dried leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis, an evergreen shrub.


Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice from Concentrate

Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice from Concentrate is concentrated juice from ruby red grapefruits that has been reconstituted (water added back).


S

Safflower Oil

Oil extracted from the safflower plant, a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual plant


Salt

Salt is a mineral substance composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl). Chloride and sodium ions, the two major components of salt, are needed by all known living creatures.


Sea Salt

A form of sodium chloride (table salt) obtained from the sea


Semi-Sweet Chocolate Chip

Small chunks of semi-sweet chocolate


Silicon Dioxide

A transparent, tasteless crystal or powder practically insoluble in water or acids.


Skim Milk

Skim Milk, also known as nonfat milk, is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, Skim Milk must contain less than 0.5% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.


Sodium

Sodium is a dietary mineral and electrolyte. It is one of the main components of the fluids in the human body and plays a vital role, helping to carry nutrients to cells. It is also necessary for the regulation of blood and body fluids, transmission of nerve impulses, heart activity, and certain metabolic functions.


Sodium Acetate

The sodium salt of acetic acid


Sodium Alginate

The sodium salt of alginic acid, a gum extracted from the cell walls of brown algae.


Sodium Aluminum Phosphate

An inorganic compound made from alumina, phosphoric acid and sodium hydroxide.


Sodium Ascorbate

Sodium Ascorbate is a form of Ascorbic Acid, or Vitamin C.


Sodium Benzoate

Sodium Benzoate is the sodium salt of benzoic acid.


Sodium Bicarbonate

The bicarbonate salt of sodium. A mineral that can be derived from nahcolite. Commonly known as baking soda.


Sodium Caseinate

Soluble or dissolvable form of casein (milk protein).


Sodium Citrate

Sodium Citrate is the sodium salts of citric acid.


Sodium Diacetate

A salt of acetic acid.


Sodium Hexametaphosphate

Sodium Hexametaphosphate is an organic compound made from sodium, phosphorous and oxygen. It is more commonly called Sodium Polymetaphosphate or Graham's Salt.


Sodium Phosphate

Sodium salt of phosphoric acid.


Sodium Polyphosphates

Sodium Polyphosphates are an organic compound made from sodium, phosphorous and oxygen. They are sometimes called Sodium Hexametaphosphate or Graham's Salt.


Sodium Saccharin

Sodium Saccharin is a no-calorie sweetener. It is approximately 200-700 times sweeter than sugar which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it doesn't contribute any calories. It has been approved for use in certain dietary foods and beverages by the U.S. FDA and health organizations around the world. For more information visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.


Sodium Sulfite

A soluble compound of sodium and sulfur


Soluble Corn Fiber

Soluble Corn Fiber is a type of dietary fiber that dissolves in water to form a viscous “gel” in the digestive system


Sorbitol

Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol found in many fruits but often sourced from corn syrup.


Soy Flour

Soy Flour is flour made from the starchy part (endosperm) of the soybean.


Soy Lecithin

Soy Lecithin is a liquid or powdered compound from soybeans. Allergen Notes: According to the Food Allergy Network, soy lecithin can be tolerated by many people with soy allergies since it is more fat than protein. However, even if soy lecithin appears as the only source of soy on a product label, the product will be labeled as "contains soy" if protein levels are above the threshold for food allergy labeling.


Soy Protein Isolate

Soy Protein Isolate is a purified source or protein from soy. It supplies a high quality of protein that contains all the essential amino acids


Soybean

A species of legume. One of the few plant foods considered to be a complete protein.


Sparkling Water

Sparking Water is carbonated water that is flavorless, effervescent or bubbly.


Specially Processed Degerminated White Corn Grits

White corn grits that have been hulled and have been stripped of their bran and germ


Spices

Varieties of aromatic dried seed, fruits and roots in whole, broken, or ground form. Difference between herbs and spices are herbs come from leafy, green plant parts and may be used fresh and spices are always dried.


Spinach Juice

The juice of the spinach plant.


Spirulina

Spirulina is a member of the blue algae family.


Spring Water

Spring Water is water that comes from an underground source where the water flows naturally to the surface of the earth.


Steel Cut Oats

Groats that are cut, but not rolled. Require a longer cooking time. Have a distinctive chewy texture. Also known as Scotch Oats, Pinhead Oats (in Great Britain) or Irish Oatmeal


Stevia Leaf Extract

Purified Stevia Leaf Extract, also known as Reb-A and by the brand name PureVia, is a no-calorie sweetener derived from the leaves of the Stevia plant. It is approximately 250-300 times sweeter than sugar which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it doesn't contribute any calories. It has been accepted as safe for use in foods and beverages by the U.S. FDA and health organizations around the world and has been used in the U.S. since 2008. For more information visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.


Strawberries

The edible fruit of low-growing plants of the genus Fragaria, having white flowers and an aggregate fruit that consists of a red fleshy edible receptacle and numerous seedlike fruitlets.


Strawberry Juice Concentrate

Strawberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from strawberries.


Strawberry Juice from Concentrate

Strawberry Juice from Concentrate is concentrated strawberry juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Strawberry Puree Concentrate

Concentrated juice and pulp from strawberries


Sucralose

Sucralose, also known by its brand name Splenda, is a no-calorie sweetener. It is approximately 600 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose) which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it doesn't contribute any calories. Sucralose has been approved by the FDA and health organizations around the world and has been used in the U.S. since 1998. For more information visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.


Sugar

Sugar is the common name for table sugar or sucrose which is made up of the two simple sugars glucose and fructose. General term used to describe simple sugars which are types of carbohydrates.


Sulfites

Class of sulfur containing compounds


Sulfur Dioxide

Sulfur containing gas that dissolves in water.


Sunflower Kernels

Seeds of the sunflower plant Helianthus annuus


Sunflower Lecithin

A mixture of phospholipids extracted from sunflower seeds


Sunflower Oil

Sunflower Oil is oil that comes from sunflower seeds. It is a combination of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats with low saturated fat levels and is light in taste and appearance.


Sunflower Oil With Natural Tocopherol Added to Preserve Freshness

Oil that comes from sunflower seeds. Light in taste and appearance. It is a combination of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats with low saturated fat levels.


Sunflower Seeds

Seeds of the sunflower plant Helianthus annuus


Sweetened Condensed Milk

Cows milk sweetened with milk that has had water removed (condensed)


T

Tangerine Juice

Tangerine Juice is the juice of a tangerine, a variety of mandarin orange with a deep-reddish-yellow color and segments that are easily separated.


Tapioca Dextrin

Tapiona Dextrin is created by the breakdown of tapioca starch. Tapioca starch is obtained from the root of the cassava plant.


Tapioca Maltodextrin

A polysaccharide made from Tapioca


Taurine

Taurine is an amino acid which is one of the building blocks for making protein in the body. It is commonly found in meat, poultry, eggs, dairy products and fish.


Tea

Tea is typically made by steeping leaves from the camellia sinensis plant in hot water. Typically tea refers to black tea, as it is the most common type of tea. Black tea differs from other types due to the process of drying and aging, which results in a richer flavor than other teas.


Thiamin Mononitrate

A synthetic form of Thiamin


Thiamine (Vitamin B1)

Thiamine (Vitamin B1) is one of the B-Vitamins. It is water soluble and essential for carbohydrate metabolism.


Titanium Dioxide

A mineral often used as a white pigment in food coloring.


Tocopherol (Vitamin E)

Tocopherols (or Tocopheryl) are a form of Vitamin E. They are derived from vegetable oils.


Tomato Powder

Dehydrated, ground tomatoes


Torula Yeast

A single-celled living organism in the fungi family. Bakers and Brewers yeast are from the saccaromyces form.


Treated Water

Treated Water is water that has gone through one or more processes, such as filtration, ozonation or reverse osmosis to remove impurities and improve taste.


Tricalcium Phosphate

Tricalcium Phosphate is a source of phosphorus that also provides the essential mineral calcium.


Turmeric

A yellow colored spice from a plant in the ginger family.


U

Unsweetened Chocolate

A solid chocolate made with just cocoa solids and cocoa butter. 


V

Vanilla Extract

Vanilla Extract is a concentrated material made from vanilla plants.


Vanillin

The primary component of the extract of the vanilla bean, which is often synthetized for commercial use.


Vegetable Juice (Color)

Vegetable Juice (color) is concentrated juice made from vegetables that is used to provide color.


Vegetable Oil

A triglyceride extracted from a plant.


Vitamin A

Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin necessary for cell growth and healthy skin. Food sources include dark leafy vegetables, eggs, orange and yellow fruits and vegetables.


Vitamin A Palmitate

Vitamin A Palmitate is a supplemental form of Vitamin A.


Vitamin B1

Vitamin B1, also known as Thiamine, is a water soluble vitamin that is essential for carbohydrate metabolism.


Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12, also known as Cyanocobalamin, is important for a wide number of functions in the body including metabolism, the formation of red blood cells, and the maintenance of the central nervous system. It is found in many foods including eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, and milk products.


Vitamin B2

Vitamin B2, also known as Riboflavin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is important for body growth and red blood cell production and helps in releasing energy from the foods a person eats. It is found in dairy products, meats, poultry, and fish.


Vitamin B3

Vitamin B3, also known as Niacin, is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans and whole grain breads or cereals.


Vitamin B5

Vitamin B5, also known as Pantothenic Acid, is essential in the breakdown of fats and protein. It is found in milk, leafy vegetables, fresh meat and egg yolks.


Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6, also known as Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, is a water soluble vitamin that performs a wide variety of functions in the body. It is found in many foods including beans, nuts, legumes, eggs, meats, fish and whole grains.


Vitamin B9

Vitamin B9, also known as Folate, is found in many foods including dark green leafy vegetables, oranges, fruits, rice, brewer’s yeast, beans, asparagus, soybeans and soy flour. It can also be produced synthetically in which case it is called Folic Acid.


Vitamin C

Vitamin C, also known as Ascorbic Acid, is involved in tissue repair and several other metabolic functions. It is found in many fruits and vegetables including citrus and potatoes.


Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is found in food and can also be made in your body after exposure to sun. It helps the body maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D also helps to form and maintain strong bones.


Vitamin D3

Vitamin D3 is a fat-soluble vitamin that is found in food and can also be made in your body after exposure to sun. It helps the body maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D helps to form and maintain strong bones. Vitamin D3 comes in several forms.


Vitamin E

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.


Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps with blood clotting. It is found in cabbage, spinach, broccoli, cauliflower, green leafy vegetables, and canola, soybean and olive oils.


W

Walnuts

The nut of any tree of the genus Juglans, particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia.


Water

A transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid. A compound of hydrogen and oxygen 11.188 % hydrogen and 88.812% oxygen by weight).


Watermelon Juice Concentrate

Watermelon Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from watermelons.


Wheat Flour

Finely ground wheat


Wheat Grass

Wheat Grass is a cereal grain.


Whey

Whey is liquid that remains after milk has been curdled and strained. It contains lactose. Per FALCPA labeling requirements, products are labeled as “contains milk” if Whey is listed as a direct ingredient and “may contain milk” if it is in the product by way of other ingredients.


Whey Mineral Concentrate

A concentrated form of whey protein. The concentrate is greater than 80% protein.


Whey Powder

Dehydrated whey, the liquid that remains after milk has been curdled and strained


Whey Protein

Whey Protein is one of the two major groups of proteins found in milk (the other is casein). It is a highly digestible source of protein.


Whey Protein Concentrate

Whey Protein Concentrate is a concentrated form of whey protein. The concentrate is greater than 80% protein.


Whey Protein Isolate

Whey Protein Isolate is a processed form of whey protein. It is greater than 90% protein.


White Grape Juice Concentrate

White Grape Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from white grapes.


White Grape Juice from Concentrate

White Grape Juice from Concentrate is concentrated white grape juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).


White Quinoa

An ancient food originally cultivated by the Incas. The seed of the Goosefoot plant. Range in color from ivory, pinks, brown, red and black, and have a mild, slightly nutty flavor. The seeds are gluten free which makes it a nutritional alternative for those with celiac disease.


White Tea

White Tea is tea made from young tea leaves that are minimally aged and dried.


Whole Grain Brown Rice

Whole grain rice, in which the outer, inedible, hull has been removed.


Whole Grain Brown Rice Flour

Flour made from ground brown rice.


Whole Grain Oat Flour

Finely ground rolled oats. Remainder of oat groat after the oat bran has been removed in milling process.


Whole Grain Oats

Groats which are steamed, rolled and uncut


Whole Grain Rolled Oats

Groats which are steamed, rolled and uncut


Whole Grain Rolled Rye

A member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum)


Whole Grain Rolled Wheat

Flattened whole grain wheat berries


Whole Grain Steel Cut Oats

Groats that are cut, but not rolled. Require a longer cooking time. Have a distinctive chewy texture. Also known as Scotch Oats, Pinhead Oats (in Great Britain) or Irish Oatmeal


Whole Grain Wheat

Wheat that contains all three parts of the kernel (bran, germ and endosperm)


Whole Grain Wheat Flour

Whole grain wheat that has been finely ground.


Whole Grains

Whole Grains are grains that contain all three parts of the kernel (bran, germ and endosperm).


Whole Wheat Flour

Whole grain wheat that has been finely ground.


X

Xanthan Gum

Xanthan Gum is a powder produced by the fermentation of a carbohydrate.


Y

Yeast Extract

Food additive made from concentrated yeast. Contains Glutamate but does NOT contain MSG (mono sodium glutamate).


Yellow 5

Yellow 5, also known as Tartrazine, is an FD&C approved color.


Yellow 6

Yellow 6, also known as Sunset Yellow, is an FD&C approved color.


Yerba Mate Extract

Yerba Mate Extract is a concentrated material made from yerba mate leaves. Yerba Mate is a widely cultivated, medium sized evergreen tree. The leaves have been used for many years to make common beverages and are a source of polyphenols and caffeine.


Yucca Extract

Yucca Extract is a concentrated material made from the yucca plant.


Z

Zinc Methionine Sulfate

Zinc Methionine Sulfate is a zinc supplement that is easy for the body to absorb.


Zinc Oxide

Zinc Oxide is a source of zinc.