Ingredient Glossary

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A

Acacia Gum

Acacia Gum, also known as gum acacia or gum arabic, is a purified vegetable gum obtained from the acacia tree.


Acai

Acai is a small, round, dark fruit that comes from the acai palm tree. Acai Pulp is the solids of Acai.


Acai Extract

Acai Extract is a concentrated form of acai juice or fruit.


Acai Juice

Acai Juice is the liquid contained in acai. Clarified Acai Juice is Acai Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency.


Acai Puree

Acai Puree is crushed Acai.


Acerola

Acerola is a tropical fruit-bearing shrub or small tree.


Acerola Juice

Acerola Juice is the liquid contained in the fruit of the acerola plant. Acerola Juice Concentrate, also called Acerola Juice Powder or Acerola Juice Extract, is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Acerola Juice.


Acerola Puree

Acerola Puree is crushed Acerola fruit.


Acesulfame Potassium

Acesulfame Potassium, which is sometimes referred to as Ace-K, is a non-nutritive sweetener that is approximately 200 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose). For more information about this and other sweeteners, please visit the Sweeteners page in the What's Inside section.


Agave

Agave nectar (sometimes called syrup) comes from a cactus like plant found in Mexico.


Alfalfa

Alfalfa is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. Alfalfa is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as green manure and cover crop.


Almond Oil

Almond Oil is extracted from almonds.


Almonds

Almonds are the edible seeds of the Almond tree. Almond Butter is a food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted almonds. Roasted Almonds have been heated to enhance their flavor and aroma. Compared to raw nuts, they have slightly more fat and calories per gram, but the difference is minimal.


Aloe Extract

Aloe Extract is the concentrated form of Aloe Vera.


Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is taken from the Aloe Vera plant leaves.


Alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate

Alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate is a form of Vitamin E Acetate which is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.


Amaranth

Amaranth, also known as "kiwicha," is a tiny, ancient grain-like seed, dense in nutrients and high in protein. To make Puffed Amaranth, tiny seeds of amaranth are heated until they "puff," increasing their volume and creating a light, crunchy, popped version with a toasty, nutty flavor.


Ammonium Bicarbonate

Ammonium Bicarbonate is the bicarbonate salt of ammonium.


Annatto Extract

Annatto Extract is a botanical derivative extracted from the annatto plant.


Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar is vinegar made from fermented apple juice.


Apple Juice

Apple Juice is the liquid contained in apples. Apple Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from apples. Apple Juice from Concentrate is Apple Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Apple Puree

Apple Puree is crushed Apples. Apple Puree Concentrate, also called Dried Apple Puree, is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Apple Puree.


Apples

Apples are the edible fruit of the apple tree, species Malus domestica in the rose family (Rosaceae). One of the most widely cultivated tree fruits. Apples grow on small, deciduous trees. There are over 7500 different species of apples. Dried Apples are dehydrated (liquid removed) apples. Apple Powder is made from Dried Apples that have been ground into a powder. Brewed Apple is made by steeping dried apples in hot water.


Applewood Flavor

Applewood Flavor is a smokey wood flavor that tastes like Applewood, the apple-bearing tree Malus pumila.


Apricot Puree

Apricot Puree is crushed Apricot. Apricot Puree Concentrate is the concentrated (liquids removed) form of Apricot Puree.


Aronia Juice

Aronia Juice is the liquid contained in Aronia berries, which are a red-violet wild fruit. Aronia Juice has a strong, stable color and a dry and sour flavor. Aronia Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Aronia Juice.


Artificial Color

Artificial colors are ingredients added to our products to offset natural color loss from exposure to light, air, temperature extremes, and/or storage conditions; to correct natural variations in the color of our ingredients; to indicate flavor or simply for the fun that color can provide.


Artificial Flavor

Artificial Flavors are ingredients used for flavoring that are not derived from a natural substance such as a fruit or fruit juice, spice, vegetable or herb.


Ascorbic Acid

Ascorbic Acid is another name for Vitamin C.


Aspartame

Aspartame is a non-nutritive sweetener made up of two amino acids: aspartic acid and phenylalanine. It is a high intensity sweetener, 200 times sweeter than sugar. For more information about this and other sweeteners, please visit the Sweeteners page in the What's Inside section.


Astragalus Extract

Astragalus Extract is a concentrated form of astragalus.


Autolyzed Yeast Extract

Autolyzed Yeast Extract is a concentrated material made from yeast. Contains Glutamate but does NOT contain MSG (mono sodium glutamate).


B

Bacillus Coagulans GBI-30 6086

Bacillus Coagulans GBI-30 6086 is a type of bacteria. It is used similarly to lactobacillus and other probiotics as a beneficial bacteria.


Baking Soda

Baking Soda is the bicarbonate salt of sodium, a mineral that can be derived from nahcolite.


Banana Puree

Banana Puree is crushed bananas. Banana Puree Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Banana Puree. Banana Puree from Concentrate is Banana Puree Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Bananas

Bananas are the edible fruits of the flowering plants of the genus Musa. Dried Bananas, also called Banana Flakes, are dehydrated (liquid removed) bananas. Banana Powder is made from Dried Bananas that have been ground into a powder.


Barley

Barley, or Barley Grass, is a European annual grass. Pearled Barley is barley that has been processed to remove its hull and bran.


Barley Malt

Barley Malt is a germinated cereal grain. It contains gluten. Malted Barley Flour is ground Barley Malt.


Basil

Basil is a culinary herb of the family Lamiacea.


Basil Extract

Basil Extract is a concentrated form of basil.


Bay Leaf

Bay Leaf is the aromatic leaves of several plants, including the Bay laurel (Laurus nobilis, Lauraceae)


Beet Juice

Beet Juice is the liquid contained in the beetroot plant. Beet Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Beet Juice.


Beetroot

Beetroot, also known as the table beet, garden beet, red or golden beet, or informally simply as the beet, refers to any of the cultivated varieties of beet grown for their edible taproots, especially B. vulgaris L. subsp. Conditiva. Although typically a beautiful reddish-purple hue, beets also come in varieties that feature white, golden/yellow or even rainbow color roots. Beet Powder is made from beets that have been dried and ground into a powder.


Bell Pepper

Bell Pepper, also known as sweet pepper or a capsicum, is a cultivar group of the species Capsicum annuum. Cultivars of the plant produce fruits in different colors, including red, yellow, orange, green, chocolate, white, and purple.


Benzoic Acid

Benzoic Acid is added to our products in the form of potassium benzoate or sodium benzoate. The U.S. FDA has approved both potassium benzoate and sodium benzoate for use in foods and beverages.


Beta-Carotene

Beta-Carotene is a substance found in many fruits and vegetables such as carrots and tomatoes. Once consumed, the body can convert beta-carotene into Vitamin A.


Bifidobacterium

Bifidobacterium belong to a group of bacteria called lactic acid bacteria.


Biotin

Biotin is a water soluble B vitamin that assists in the process of the body metabolizing the carbohydrates and proteins from the food we eat.


Black Carrot Juice

Black Carrot Juice is the liquid contained in black carrots. Black carrots contain anthocyanins which give them a deep purple color. Black Carrot Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Black Carrot Juice. Black Carrot Juice from Concentrate is Black Carrot Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Black Currant

Black Currants are the edible berries of a shrub.


Black Currant Extract

Black Currant Extract is a concentrated form of Black Currants.


Black Currant Juice

Black Currant Juice is the liquid contained in black currants. Black currants are the edible berries of a shrub. Black Currant Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Black Currant Juice.


Black Pepper

Black Pepper is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice.


Black Pepper Extract

Black Pepper Extract is a concentrated form of black pepper.


Black Tea

Black Tea comes from the camellia sinenis plant. It differs from other types due to the process of drying and ageing, that results on a richer flavor than other teas. Brewed Black Tea is made by steeping Black Tea in hot water. Instant Black Tea, also called Black Tea Powder, is Brewed Black Tea that has been dehydrated and granulated or powdered so that it dissolves quickly in water.


Blackberries

Blackberries are the edible fruit of many plant species in the Rubus genus in the Rosaceae family. The usually black fruit is not a true berry. Botanically it is termed an aggregate fruit, composed of small drupelets. Brewed Blackberry is made by steeping dried Blackberries in hot water.


Blackberry Juice

Blackberry Juice is the liquid contained in blackberries. Blackberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Blackberry Juice.


Blackberry Puree

Blackberry Puree is crushed blackberries.


Blood Orange Juice

Blood Orange Juice is juice from the blood orange, a variety of orange with crimson, almost blood-colored flesh. Blood Orange Juice Concentrate is concentrated (liquid removed) form of Blood Orange Juice.


Blue 1

Blue 1 is a colorant for foods and other substances. It is also known as Brilliant Blue and FD&C Blue 1.


Blue 2

Blue 2 is a color additive that is insoluble in water.


Blue Cheese

Blue Cheese is a sharp and tangy cheese which has had cultures of the mold Penicillium added so that the final product is spotted or veined throughout


Blueberries

Blueberries are the edible indigo-colored berries from the Vaccinium corymbosum shrub. Dried Blueberries are Blueberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Blueberry Flavor

Blueberry Flavor is a flavor that tastes like blueberries.


Blueberry Juice

Blueberry Juice is the liquid contained in blueberries. Clarified Blueberry Juice is Blueberry Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency. Blueberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Blueberry Juice. Blueberry Juice from Concentrate is Blueberry Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Blueberry Puree

Blueberry Puree is crushed blueberries, the edible indigo-colored berries from the Vaccinium corymbosum shrub. Blueberry Puree Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Blueberry Puree.


Broccoli

Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family, whose large flower head is used as a vegetable. The word broccoli, from the Italian plural of broccolo, refers to "the flowering top of a cabbage". Dried Broccoli is broccoli that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Brominated Vegetable Oil

Brominated Vegetable Oil (BVO) is used in some beverages to help keep flavoring oils well-blended. Since oils do not mix well with water, BVO helps dissolve and keep the flavor oils evenly distributed throughout the beverages. BVO is usually derived from corn or soybean oil.


Brown Rice Syrup

Brown Rice Syrup is a sweetener made by cooking brown rice with enzymes to turn the starch into sugar. It is about half as sweet as sugar or honey.


Brown Sugar

Brown Sugar is produced by adding molasses to refined white sugar (sucrose). Light brown sugar contains 3.5% molasses and dark brown sugar has 6.5% molasses based on total volume. Although dark brown sugar may have slightly more flavor, the two can be used interchangeably in baking.


Bulgur Wheat

Bulgur Wheat is precooked whole wheat kernels (white or red, hard or soft) that have been hulled, steamed, dried and then cracked.


Butter

Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% milkfat.


Butter Oil

Butter Oil is a dairy product created by removing the moisture and the nonfat milk solids contained in butter.


Buttermilk

Buttermilk is a fermented dairy product. It is produced from cow’s milk and has a characteristically sour taste (acidity due to active cultures). Buttermilk Powder, also called Buttermilk Solids or Dried Buttermilk, is Buttermilk that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Butylated Hydroxytoluene

Butylated Hydroxytoluene a synthetic white crystalline powder.


B-Vitamins

B-Vitamins are essential for good health and have been shown to be important for helping the body process protein, carbohydrates and fats. B-Vitamins are important for the metabolism and proper functioning of the immune and nervous systems. There are many vitamins that make up the B-Vitamin complex including: Thiamine (Vitamin B1), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Niacin (Vitamin B3), Pantothenic acid or pantothenate (Vitamin B5), Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Biotin (Vitamin B7), Folic Acid or Folate (Vitamin B9), and Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12).


C

Caffeine

Caffeine occurs in more than 60 plants such as coffee beans, tea leaves, kola nuts, guarana and cacao beans, and is found in many common foods and beverages made from these plants such as coffee, tea and chocolate.


Calcium Carbonate

Calcium Carbonate is a mineral salt compound of calcium and carbonic acid.


Calcium Caseinate (Milk)

Calcium Caseinate (Milk) is a protein produced from the casein in skim or 1% milk.


Calcium Chloride

Calcium Chloride is a form of calcium that is a salt.


Calcium Citrate

Calcium Citrate is a form of calcium that is the salt of citric acid.


Calcium Disodium EDTA

Calcium Disodium EDTA is an abbreviation for calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid. It is used in foods and beverages as a preservative and to protect freshness and taste.


Calcium Hydroxide

Calcium Hydroxide is a compound made by adding water to limestone (not lime juice). It is also called “slaked lime.”


Calcium Lactate

Calcium Lactate is a salt made by combining calcium carbonate and lactic acid.


Calcium Pantothenate (Vitamin B5)

Calcium Pantothenate (Vitamin B5) is one of the B-Vitamins. It is essential in the breakdown of fats and protein and is found in milk, leafy vegetables, fresh meat and egg yolks.


Calcium Phosphate

Calcium Phosphate is a form of calcium that is the salt of phosphoric acid.


Calcium Silicate

Calcium Silicate is a white free-flowing powder made from calcium oxide and silica.


Calcium Sulfate

Calcium Sulfate is a compound derived from the mineral gypsum.


Cane Sugar

Cane Sugar is sugar derived from Sugar Cane plants.


Canola Oil

Canola Oil is a bland-flavored oil extracted from the canola plant (also known as rapeseeds.)


Canola Protein

Canola Protein is protein derived from Canola. Hydrolyzed Canola Protein is Canola Protein that has been broken down into its component amino acids.


Caramel Color

Caramel Color is made by a process involving the heating of corn or cane sugar and other carbohydrates to achieve the desired color. Caramel coloring in beverages has been evaluated for safety by agencies like the Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives of the World Health Organization and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.


Carbonated Water

Carbonated Water, also known as soda water, sparkling water or seltzer water, is water containing carbon dioxide which makes it effervescent or bubbly.


Cardamon Extract

Cardamom Extract is a concentrated form of cardamom.


Carmine (Color)

Carmine (Color) is a crimson-red color used in beverages and foods.


Carnauba Wax

Carnauba Wax is derived from leaves of Brazilian wax palm tree (Copernicia Cerifera).


Carob Bean

The Carob Bean is a member of the pea family largely cultivated in the Mediterranean region. It imparts a cocoa-like flavor and color. Carob Powder is made from Carob Beans that have been dried and ground into a powder.


Carrageenan

Carrageenan is derived from plant extracts (algae or seaweed).


Carrot

The Carrot is a root vegetable, usually orange in color, though purple, red, white, and yellow varieties exist. Dried Carrots are Carrots that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Carrot Juice

Carrot Juice is the liquid contained in carrots. Carrot Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Carrot Juice. Carrot Juice from Concentrate is Carrot Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Carrot Puree

Carrot Puree is crushed Carrots.


Cashews

Cashews are a type of tree nut with a sweet, buttery flavor. Cashew Butter is a food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted cashews.


Cayenne Extract

Cayenne Extract is a concentrated form of cayenne pepper.


Cayenne Peppers

Cayenne Peppers are the fruit of the Capsicum annuum plant. The fruits are generally dried and ground, or pulped and baked into cakes, which are then ground and sifted to make the powdered spice.


Celery

Celery is a plant variety in the family Apiaceae, commonly used as a vegetable.


Celery Juice

Celery Juice is the liquid contained in the celery plant, a variety in the family Apiaceae, commonly used as a vegetable.


Celery Puree

Celery Puree is crushed Celery.


Cellulose

Cellulose is the structural component of the primary cell wall of green plants.


Chamomile Extract

Chamomile Extract is a concentrated (liquid removed) material made from the chamomile plant. The chamomile plant is a member of the daisy family, is native to Europe and Western Asia, and has been used for many years as a herb and to make common beverages.


Chamomile Tea

Chamomile Tea comes from the chamomile plant, a member of the daisy family and has been used for many years as a herb and to make common beverages. Brewed Chamomile Tea is made by steeping Chamomile in hot water.


Cheddar Cheese

Cheddar Cheese is a hard cheese made from cow's milk. Enzyme Modified Cheddar Cheese is Cheddar Cheese which has been treated with enzymes to produce a concentrated flavor.


Cheese Cultures

Cheese Cultures are bacteria used to coagulate milk protein to form cheese.


Cherries

Cherries are the edible fruit from the tree Prunus family. They are a stone fruit. Dried Cherries are cherries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Cherry Juice

Cherry Juice is the liquid contained in cherries. Cherry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Cherry Juice. Cherry Juice from Concentrate is Cherry Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Cherry Puree

Cherry Puree is crushed Cherries.


Chia Seeds

Chia Seeds are seeds from the Salvia hispanica plant, a species of flowering plant in the mint family.


Chicken

Chicken is a type of domesticated fowl.


Chicken Broth

Chicken Broth is a savory liquid made of water in which chicken bones and meat have been simmered to create flavor.


Chicken Fat

Chicken Fat is fat separated from chicken meat.


Chickpea

Chickpeas, part of the legume family, are one of the earliest cultivated vegetables.


Chickpea Puree

Chickpea Puree is made of crushed chickpeas.


Chicory Root

Chicory Root is a somewhat woody, perennial herbaceous plant of the dandelion family Asteraceae, usually with bright blue flowers, rarely white or pink.


Chili Pepper

Chili Peppers are the fruit from a plant from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae.


Chives

Chives is the common name of Allium schoenoprasum. Its close relatives include the garlic, shallot, leek, scallion, and Chinese onion.


Chocolate Cake Crumb

Chocolate Cake Crumb is small pieces of chocolate cake.


Chocolate Chips

Chocolate Chips are small chunks of sweetened chocolate.


Chocolate Cookie Pieces

Chocolate Cookie Pieces are small pieces of chocolate cookies.


Chocolate Flavor

Chocolate Flavor is a flavor that tastes like chocolate.


Chocolate Liquor

Chocolate Liquor is the dark brown paste that remains when the cocoa butter is removed from ground cacao beans. It is the base material for all chocolate products. Liquor is the technical term for paste-like substance obtained from grinding cocoa beans and does not contain alcohol. It is solid at room temperature if properly tempered.


Chokeberry Juice

Chokeberry Juice is the liquid contained in chokeberries, a member of the rose family of plants (Rosaceae), which, in addition to roses, contains a long list of fruits including apples, apricots, cherries, pears, peaches, plums, raspberries, and strawberries. Chokeberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Chokeberry Juice. Chokeberry Juice from Concentrate is Chokeberry Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Chromium

Chromium is a trace mineral. Food sources include meat, eggs, cheese and whole grain products


Chromium Picolinate

Chromium Picolinate is a combination of the essential trace mineral chromium and picolinic acid. It is found in breast milk and is easily absorbed and used by the body.


Cilantro

Cilantro is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae, also known as coriander


Cinnamon

Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum.


Citric Acid

Citric Acid is an organic acid that can be found in citrus fruits such as lemons and oranges and can be produced from different plant sources, including corn.


Citrus Pectin

Citrus Pectin is a soluble fiber that comes from citrus rinds.


Clementine Juice

Clementine Juice is the liquid contained in clementines. Clarified Clementine Juice is Clementine Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency. Clementine Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Clementine Juice.


Cochineal (Color)

Cochineal (Color) is a crimson-red color used in beverages and foods.


Cocoa

Cocoa comes from the seeds of the cacao tree and is the base for making chocolate. There are two types of unsweetened cocoa, unalkalized and alkalized cocoa. Unalkalized cocoa is milder in flavor and lighter in color while alkalized is richer in flavor and darker in color. Alkalized cocoa is treated to neutralize its naturally occurring acids and to deliver a darker color. Cocoa Powder is made from Cocoa that has been dried and ground into a powder. Dutch Process Cocoa Powder is Cocoa Powder that has been treated with an alkalizing agent to modify its color and give it a milder taste compared to natural cocoa.


Cocoa Butter

Cocoa Butter is a pale-yellow, edible vegetable fat extracted from the cocoa bean. Enzyme Modified Cocoa Butter is Cocoa Butter which has been treated with enzymes to produce a concentrated flavor.


Cocoa Extract

Cocoa Extract is a concentrated form of cocoa.


Coconut

The coconut tree is a member of the family Arecaceae and the only species of the genus Cocos. The term coconut can refer to the whole coconut palm or the seed, or the fruit, which, botanically, is a drupe, not a nut. Coconut Paste is made from fresh coconut meat that is blended at high speeds to create a smooth and creamy consistency. Dried Coconut is coconut that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Coconut Flavor

Coconut Flavor is a flavor that tastes like coconut.


Coconut Milk

Coconut Milk is the liquid that comes from the grated meat of a coconut. Coconut Milk Extract is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Coconut Milk.


Coconut Nectar

Coconut Nectar is a naturally sweet, nutrient-rich, low glycemic sweetener made from coconuts.


Coconut Oil

Coconut oil is extracted from coconuts.


Coconut Water

Coconut Water is the clear liquid inside young coconuts. Coconut Water Concentrate is concentrated (liquid removed) form of Coconut Water. Coconut Water from Concentrate is Coconut Water Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Coenzyme Q-10

Coenzyme Q10 is an antioxidant that is naturally produced in the body.


Coffee

Coffee is a beverage prepared from the roasted coffee beans (seeds of several species of an evergreen shrub of the genus Coffea). Instant Coffee is Coffee that has been dehydrated and granulated or powdered so that it dissolves quickly in water.


Coffee Extract

Coffee Extract is a concentrated form of coffee.


Collagen Peptides

Collagen peptides are a type of protein made from collagen, created through enzymatic hydrolysis of collagen. Collagen peptides are highly water soluble and non-gelling.


Confectioner's Glaze

Confectioner's Glaze is the common name used in candy industry for food grade glossy coating. Does not contain dairy components/lactose.


Copper Gluconate

Copper Gluconate is the copper salt of D-gluconic acid


Corn

Corn is a cereal plant of the grass family Poaceae.


Corn Flour

Corn Flour is made from finely ground corn kernels.


Corn Maltodextrin

Corn Maltodextrin is a polysaccharide usually produced from corn, tapioca or wheat starch.


Corn Protein

Corn Protein is protein derived from corn. Hydrolyzed Corn Protein is Corn Protein that has been broken down into its component amino acids.


Corn Starch

Corn Starch is made from the endosperm (fleshy, starchy part) of the corn. Modified Corn Starch is made by treating Corn Starch to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules. It has various uses in foods and beverages including thickening and stabilizing flavor oils.


Corn Syrup

Corn Syrup is a thick syrup made from corn starch. It is an alternative for sugar, honey, fructose and other sweeteners. Corn Syrup Solids are made from dried Corn Syrup.


Cornmeal

Cornmeal is a coarsely ground flour made from dried corn.


Cranberries

The Cranberry is glossy, scarlet red, very tart berry which belongs to the same genus as the blueberry, Vaccinium. Dried Cranberries are cranberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Cranberry Juice

Cranberry Juice is the liquid contained in cranberries. Cranberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of juice from cranberries. Cranberry Juice from Concentrate is Cranberry Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Cream

Cream is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, all cream must contain at least 18% milk fat. Light cream, also called coffee cream or table cream, must have at least 18% milk fat, but less than 30% milk fat. Heavy cream must have at least 36% milk fat. All cream products are pasteurized or ultra-pasteurized. Dried Cream is cream that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Cucumber

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely-cultivated creeping vine plant in the Cucurbitaceae gourd family that bears cucumiform fruits.


Cucumber Juice

Cucumber Juice is the liquid contained in cucumbers. Cucumber Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Cucumber Juice.


Cultured Cream

Cultured Cream is cream that has been fermented with lactic acid or bacteria.


Cultured Milk

Cultured Milk is milk that has been fermented wit lactic acid or bacteria. Also known as fermented milk.


Cultures

Cultures are live bacteria, yeasts or molds used in food production


Cyanocobalamin

Cyanocobalamin is the chemical name for Vitamin B12. Vitamin B12, like the other B vitamins, is important for a wide number of functions in the body including metabolism, the formation of red blood cells, and the maintenance of the central nervous system. Vitamin B12 is found in many foods including eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, and milk products.


Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)

Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) is one of the B-Vitamins which are important for a wide number of functions in the body including metabolism, the formation of red blood cells, and the maintenance of the central nervous system. Vitamin B12 is found in many foods including eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, and milk products.


D

Dates

Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as Date or Date Palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.


Degerminated White Corn Grits

Degerminated White Corn Grits are white corn grits that have been hulled and have been stripped of their bran and germ.


Dextrin

Dextrin is a starch gum or a carbohydrate produced by the hydrolysis of starch.


Dextrose

Dextrose is a simple sugar that is made from corn and is chemically identical to glucose.


Diacetyl Tartaric Acid Ester Of Mono-Diglycerides

Diacetyl Tartaric Acid Ester Of Mono-Diglycerides is also known as DATEM. It is composed of mixed esters of glycerin in which one or more of the hydroxyl groups of glycerin has been esterified by diacetyl tartaric acid and by fatty acids. The ingredient is prepared by the reaction of diacetyl tartaric anhydride with mono- and diglycerides that are derived from edible sources.


Dipotassium Phosphate

Dipotassium Phosphate is a highly water-soluble salt. Common source of phosphorus and potassium.


Disodium Guanylate

Disodium Guanylate is the sodium salt of guanosine monophosphate.


Disodium Inosinate

Disodium Inosinate is the sodium salt of inosinic acid.


Disodium Phosphate

Disodium Phosphate is a sodium salt of phosphoric acid that holds moisture and is water soluble.


Dl-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate

DL-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate is a form of Vitamin E Acetate which is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.


Dragon Fruit Flavor

Dragon Fruit Flavor is a flavor that tastes like dragon fruit.


D-Ribose

D-Ribose (sometimes referred to as Ribose) is a naturally occurring five-carbon sugar. It is a sweet, solid, water soluble substance that is produced from the fermentation of corn syrup.


Dry Whey

Dry Whey is the dry, solid form of whey protein.


Dry Whole Milk

Dry Whole Milk is the dry, solid form of whole milk.


Durum Flour

Durum Flour is a variety of wheat flour. When milled and ground it is called semolina. Contains gluten.


E

Eggs

Eggs are laid by female animals of many different species, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, and fish. Dried Egg is egg that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated). Egg Whites are the white portion of an egg.


Elderberry Extract

Elderberry Extract is a concentrated (liquid removed) form of elderberry.


Elderberry Juice

Elderberry Juice is the liquid contained in elderberries. Elderberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Elderberry Juice.


Electrolytes

Electrolytes are minerals, like sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium, that regulate the flow of body fluids in and out of every cell.


Enriched Bleached Flour

Enriched Bleached Flour is bleached flour that has had the nutrients lost during processing added back in.


Enzymes

Enzymes are substances that cause foods to break down into chemical compounds or nutrients that the body can digest, absorb, and use as energy.


Erythorbic Acid

Erythorbic Acid is chemically identical to vitamin C (ascorbic acid), the only difference being the shape of the molecule.


Erythritol

Erythritol is a type of sweetener called a Polyol. Polyols have been used to sweeten foods around the world for many years.


Espresso Coffee

Espresso Coffee is coffee that is brewed by forcing very hot water, which is under high pressure, through coffee beans that typically have a dark roast and have been ground to a very fine consistency.


Ester Gum

Ester Gum is a purified rosin from pine trees that is combined with glycerin to form glycerol esters, which make it more soluble.


Extract

Extracts are concentrated material made from the juice or fruit of a plant.


F

Ferric Pyrophosphate

Ferric Pyrophosphate is a source of iron


Ferrous Sulfate

Ferrous Sulfate is a source of iron that may be used as part of the enrichment process of certain flours or other milled grains.


Filtered Water

Filtered Water is water that has been passed through a device which removes impurities from water by means of a fine physical barrier, or chemical process. It has fewer total dissolved solids (TDS) than water that has not been filtered.


Flax Seeds

Flax Seeds are the small seeds of the flax plant. Also called linseed


Folate (Vitamin B9)

Folate is the naturally-occurring form of Vitamin B9 found in many foods including dark green leafy vegetables, oranges, fruits, rice, brewer’s yeast, beans, asparagus, soybeans and soy flour.


Folic Acid

Folic Acid is the synthetic form of Vitamin B9.


Food Coloring

Food Coloring is an FDA or other local regulatory agency approved ingredient used to impart color in a beverage or food. These color additives may be synthetic or extracted from plant sources. Certified colored additives are a special class of dyes and are used due to their stability. They are identified by a number (IE: Yellow #5, Red 40). Dyes dissolve in water and are manufactured as powders, granules or liquids. "Lakes" are a group of coloring additives that are only used in solid foods, not beverages. Lakes are ideal for coloring products containing fats and oils, or items lacking sufficient moisture to dissolve dyes.


French Oak Extract

French Oak Extract is a water extract obtained from oak wood that originates exclusively from oak trees grown in France.


Fructooligosaccharides

Fructooligosaccharides are a chain of fructose molecules, are also sometimes called oligofructose or oligofructan.


Fructose

Fructose is a simple sugar made up of a single sugar molecule and is found in fruit, honey, vegetables, table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). Note: Table sugar (sucrose) and HFCS are both made of a combination of fructose and another simple sugar, glucose.


Fruit and Vegetable Juice (Color)

Fruit and Vegetable Juice (Color) is the liquid contained in fruits and vegetables, which is used to provide color. Fruit and Vegetable Juice Concentrate (Color) is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Fruit and Vegetable Juice (Color).


Fruit Juice

Fruit Juice is the liquid contained in fruit. Fruit Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Fruit Juice. Fruit Juice from Concentrate is Fruit Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back). If a fruit juice is reconstituted from concentrate, the amount of water that can be added to make it equivalent to the natural fruit juice is regulated by the U.S. FDA.


Fumaric Acid

Fumaric Acid is a tart tasting acid.


G

Garlic

Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive and rakkyo. Garlic Powder is made from Garlic that has been dried and ground into a powder.


Garlic Puree

Garlic Puree is crushed garlic, a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive and rakkyo.


Gelatin

Gelatin is a protein generally obtained from animal sources.


Gellan Gum

Gellan Gum is obtained by fermentation of a carbohydrate (sugar). Dissolves in water.


Ginger

Ginger is a pungent herb commonly used as a cooking spice throughout the world. Ginger Powder is made from Ginger that has been dried and ground into a powder. Brewed Ginger is made by steeping dried Ginger in hot water.


Ginger Extract

Ginger Extract is a concentrated form of ginger.


Ginger Juice

Ginger Juice is the liquid contained in ginger.


Ginseng Extract

Ginseng Extract is a concentrated form of ginseng.


Glucose

Glucose is a simple sugar made up of a single sugar molecule and is found in fruit, honey, vegetables, table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). Note: Table sugar (sucrose) and HFCS are both made of a combination of glucose and another simple sugar, fructose.


Glucose Syrup

Glucose Syrup is a simple sugar made up of a single sugar molecule and is found in fruit, honey, vegetables, table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). Note: Table sugar (sucrose) and HFCS are both made of a combination of glucose and another simple sugar, fructose.


Glucuronolactone

Glucuronolactone is a naturally occurring substance that is an important structural component of nearly all connective tissues.


Gluten

Gluten is a protein found in most grain, including wheat, barley, rye, spelt and triticale. For a person with Celiac disease or Celiac Sprue, a gluten-free diet is part of the treatment.


Glycerin

Glycerin is a simple polyol compound that can be sourced from plants or animals and can be used in creating flavors.


Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin

Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin is a purified rosin from pine trees that is combined with glycerin to form glycerol esters to make it more soluble.


Glyceryl-Lacto Esters of Fatty Acids

Glyceryl-Lacto Esters of Fatty Acids are lipophilic emulsifiers that are the lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides.


Graham Cookie Pieces

Graham Cookie Pieces are small pieces of graham cookies


Grape Juice

Grape Juice is the liquid contained in grapes. Grape Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Grape Juice. Grape Juice from Concentrate is Grape Juice concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Grapefruit

A Grapefruit is a large citrus fruit related to the orange, lemon and pomelo. They are categorized as white (blond), pink or ruby. However, this terminology doesn't reflect their skin color, which is either yellow or pinkish-yellow, but rather describes the color of their flesh. The primary varieties of Florida grapefruit are Ruby Red, Pink, Thompson, Marsh and Duncan. Grapefruit Pulp Cells are the juice sacs obtained from the endocarp.


Grapefruit Flavor

Grapefruit Flavor is a flavor that tastes like grapefruit.


Grapefruit Juice

Grapefruit Juice is the liquid contained in grapefruits. Clarified Grapefruit Juice is Grapefruit Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency. Grapefruit Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Grapefruit Juice. Grapefruit Juice from Concentrate is Grapefruit Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Green Coffee Beans

Green Coffee Beans are “raw”, unroasted coffee beans.


Green Mandarin Extract

Green Mandarin Extract is a concentrated form of mandarins.


Green Tea

Green Tea comes from the camellia sinenis plant. It differs from other types in that it has not undergone as much aging or drying during processing and, as a result, is lighter in flavor. Brewed Green Tea is made by steeping Green Tea in hot water. Instant Green Tea, also called Green Tea Powder, is Brewed Green Tea that has been dehydrated and granulated or powdered so that it dissolves quickly in water.


Guar Gum

Guar Gum is a naturally occurring vegetable gum made from the seed of the guar plant. Partially Hydrolyzed Guar Gum is Guar Gum that has been partially broken down into amino acids.


Guarana

Guarana is a nut-like seed of a climbing vine that grows primarily in Brazil and is a source of caffeine.


Guarana Seed Extract

Guarana Seed Extract is a concentrated form of Guarana Seed.


Guava Puree

Guava Puree is crushed guava, the sweet edible fruit from the Myrtle family plant genus consisting of about 100 small trees and shrubs, with the Psidium guajava species being the most cultivated for food.


H

Hazelnuts

Hazelnut is the nut of the hazel tree and includes any of the nuts deriving from species of the genus Corylus, especially the nuts of the species Corylus avellana. It also is known as cobnut or filbert nut


Hibiscus

Hibiscus is a common type of plant found in many regions. Hibiscus is a primary ingredient in many herbal teas. One specific variety, Hibiscus sabdariffa, is also known as Jamaica.


Hibiscus Extract

Hibiscus Extract is a concentrated (liquid removed) material from a hibiscus plant.


Hibiscus Juice

Hibiscus Juice is the liquid contained in Hibiscus plants. Hibiscus Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Hibiscus Juice.


Hibiscus Tea

Hibiscus Tea comes from the hibiscus plant, a common type of plant found in many regions. Brewed Hibiscus Tea is made by steeping Hibiscus in hot water.


High Fructose Corn Syrup

High Fructose Corn Syrup is a liquid sweetener which is similar to sucrose (table sugar) in chemical composition, calories, sweetness, absorption and metabolism but is made from corn. HFCS has the same calories as sucrose - approximately 4 kilocalories per gram - and can replace sugar in one-for-one proportions.


High Oleic Sunflower Oil

High Oleic Sunflower Oil is extracted from sunflower seeds containing a significant amount of monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acids. This oil is good for high-heat cooking and has a long shelf life.


Honey

Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees. Honey solids are made from dried Honey.


Hops Extract

Hops Extract is concentrated hops, the flowers of the plant Humulus lupulus.


Huito Juice

Huito Juice is the liquid contained in huito fruit, which comes from the Genipa Americana tree.


Hydrogenated Oils

Hydrogenated Oils are oils that have been changed from liquid to semi-solid by adding hydrogen. For example, margarine is formed by fully hydrogenating liquid oils. This process slightly increases the saturated fat content of the oil but is NOT a source of trans fat. (Partially hydrogenated oils are sources of trans fat).


I

Inositol

Inositol is a type of sugar called a polyol that has a different chemical structure than glucose. It is a basic part of cell membranes, and is important in nerve, brain and muscle function. Inositol is found in many plant-derived foods.


Inulin

Inulin is a substance derived from the chicory plant.


Invert Sugar

Invert Sugar is table sugar that has been broken down (inverted). Table sugar is made up of two types of basic sugars: glucose and fructose. To make invert sugar syrup, sugar is treated with an enzyme, which splits the whole table sugar molecule into its basic sugars, one glucose and one fructose molecule.


Inverted Sugar Syrup

Inverted Sugar Syrup is table sugar that has been broken down (inverted). Table sugar is made up of two types of basic sugars: glucose and fructose. To make invert sugar syrup, sugar is treated with an enzyme, which splits the whole table sugar molecule into its basic sugars, one glucose and one fructose molecule.


Iron

Iron is an essential mineral used by your body. It is found in many foods including oysters, meat, meat, poultry, fish, dried fruits, molasses, whole grains, legumes, egg yolks, leafy green vegetables, nuts and seeds. Various synthetic forms include ferric orthophosphate, ferrous sulfate, and reduced iron.


Isomalto-oligosaccharides

Isomalto-oligosaccharides are a mixture of short-chain carbohydrates.


Isomaltulose

Isomaltulose is a sucrose isomer that has a structure similar to sucrose (table sugar) but is less sweet. The U.S. FDA has recognized Isomaltulose as a dietary non-cariogenic carbohydrate sweetener meaning that it does not produce tooth cavities. FDA advises that non-cariogenic carbohydrate sweeteners, such as Isomaltulose, can be used to replace dietary sugars, such as sucrose and corn sweeteners, in certain foods to reduce the likelihood of tooth decay.


J

Jalapeno Pepper

A Jalapeno Pepper is a medium-sized chili pepper pod of the species Capsicum annuum.


Jerusalem Artichoke Fiber

Jerusalem artichokes are high in a type of fiber called inulin. High in inulin, a fermentable fiber in the fructan family.


Juice

Juice is the liquid contained in fruits and vegetables. It is prepared by crushing or squeezing fresh fruits or vegetables in order to obtain their liquids and sometimes to also obtain some of the pulp that remains after crushing or squeezing. Clarified Juice is Juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and improve consistency. Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of juice.


K

Kale

Kale is a plant with green or purple leaves whose central leaves do not form a head. Kale Powder is made from kale that has been dried and ground into a powder.


Kale Juice

Kale Juice is the liquid contained in Kale. Concentrated Kale Juice is a concentrated (liquid removed) form of Kale Juice.


Kale Puree

Kale Puree is crushed kale.


Kefir Culture

Kefir Culture is kefir grains fermented with a combination of lactic acid bacteria and yeasts in a matrix of proteins, lipids, and sugars.


Key Lime

Key Limes have very thin skin and are light yellow when ripe. They are also known as Mexican Limes or West Indies Limes. They grow in tropical and subtropical regions.


Key Lime Juice

Key Lime Juice is the liquid contained in Key Limes. Clarified Key Lime Juice is Key Lime Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency. Key Lime Juice Concentrate is a concentrated (liquid removed) form of Key Lime Juice.


Kiwi Juice

Kiwi Juice is the liquid contained in kiwi fruits. Kiwi Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Kiwi Juice.


Kiwi Puree

Kiwi Puree is crushed kiwi, the edible berry of a woody vine in the genus Actinidia


Kombucha Culture

Kombucha Culture is a symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast 


L

Lactic Acid

Lactic Acid is an organic acid that can be derived via fermentation of a carbohydrate source or synthetically produced.


Lactoferrin (Milk)

Lactoferrin is a protein from the whey portion of milk.


Lactose

Lactose is a carbohydrate found in milk. Also referred to as “milk sugar”. Approximately 1/6th as sweet as sucrose (table sugar).


Lavender Flavor

Lavender Flavor is a flavor that tastes like lavender.


L-Carnitine

L-Carnitine is an amino acid involved in the metabolism of fats.


L-Cysteine

L-Cysteine is a semi-essential proteinogenic amino acid.


Leeks

Leeks are a mild, onion-like tasting vegetable.


Lemon Extract

Lemon Extract is a concentrated form of lemon.


Lemon Juice

Lemon Juice is the liquid contained in lemons. Clarified Lemon Juice is Lemon Juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and improve consistency. Lemon Juice Concentrate, also called Dry Lemon Juice, is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Lemon Juice. Lemon Juice from Concentrate is Lemon Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Lemon Oil

Lemon Oil is extracted from lemons.


Lemongrass

Lemongrass is an herb with long, thin, gray-green leaves and a woody scallion like base with a sour-lemon flavor and fragrance. Lemongrass Extract is a concentrated form of lemongrass.


Lemons

Lemons are the fruit of a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae. Lemon Peel is the rind of the lemon. Brewed Lemon Peel is made by steeping dried lemon peel in hot water.


Lime Extract

Lime Extract is lime zest that has been mixed with oil


Lime Juice

Lime Juice is the liquid contained in limes. Clarified Lime Juice is Lime Juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and improve consistency. Lime Juice Concentrate, also called Lime Juice Solids, is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Lime Juice. Lime Juice from Concentrate is Lime Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Lipolyzed Cream

Lipolyzed Cream is a natural dairy flavor produced by treating fresh cream with lipase.


L-Isoleucine

L-Isoleucine is an amino acid. It is a building block for some proteins.


L-Leucine

L-Leucine is an amino acid. It is a building block for some proteins.


L-Theanine

L-Theanine is an amino acid.


L-Valine

L-Valine is an amino acid. It is a building block for some proteins.


Lycopene

Lycopene is a red plant pigment that is inherent in foods such as tomatoes, guava, watermelon and pink grapefruit.


M

Magnesium Chloride

Magnesium Chloride is an inorganic compound consisting of one magnesium and two chloride ions.  


Magnesium Lactate

Magnesium Lactate is a naturally occurring mineral in the body, formed when magnesium binds with lactic acid.


Magnesium Oxide

Magnesium Oxide is a white hygroscopic solid mineral that occurs as periclase and is a source of magnesium


Magnesium Phosphate

Magnesium Phosphate is a general term for salts of magnesium and phosphate.


Magnesium Stearate

Magnesium Stearate is a magnesium salt containing stearic acid. Stearic acid is an 18 carbon long saturated fat, common in our food supply. It is readily metabolized to oleic acid (the monounsaturated fat found in olive oil).


Magnesium Sulfate

Magnesium Sulfate is an inorganic salt containing magnesium, sulfur and oxygen


Malic Acid

Malic Acid is a dicarboxylic acid found in a variety of fruits and many sour and tart-tasting foods.


Malt

Malt is a grain that is germinated and then quickly dried to develop enzymes which convert the grain’s starch to sugar. Barley is the most common malt due to its high enzyme content. Contains Gluten.


Malt Extract

Malt Extract is a viscous concentrate of water extract of germinated grain.


Maltitol Syrup

Maltitol Syrup is a sweetener obtained by processing maltose. A type of sugar polyol that may be used as a sugar substitute. Is approximately 90% as sweet as sucrose (table sugar)


Maltodextrin

Maltodextrin is a polysaccharide usually produced from corn starch, tapioca or wheat starch. Despite its name, maltodextrin is not related to barley or other malts.


Manganese Sulfate

Manganese Sulfate is a salt made of manganese and sulfur.


Mango Flavor

Mango Flavor is a flavor that tastes like mangos.


Mango Juice

Mango Juice is the liquid contained in mangoes. Mango Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of Mango Juice.


Mango Puree

Mango Puree is crushed Mango. Mango Puree Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Mango Puree.


Mangoes

Mangoes are the ovoid fruit of the tropical evergreen tree, Mangifera indica, having a smooth rind, sweet juicy flesh, and a flat one-seeded stone. It is eaten ripe or pickled when green. Dried Mangoes are mangoes that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Maple Extract

Maple Extract is a concentrated form of maple syrup.


Marjoram

Marjoram is a perennial herb with sweet pine and citrus flavors


Medium Chain Triglycerides/MCT

Medium Chain Triglycerides are a special class of fatty acids (oils) that have shorter chains, which allows them to function more like carbohydrates. Common sources are milk fat, palm kernel oil and coconut oil.


Micellular Casein

by-product of cheese-making and is the least-processed version of casein. It's the complete casein protein featuring all five caseins: alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and kappa. It's made by separating the casein protein from whey, fat, and lactose in milk.


Milk

Milk is the lacteal secretion, practically free from colostrum, obtained by the complete milking of one or more healthy cows. Milk Powder, also called Milk Solids, is a dry solid form of milk.


Milk Fat

Milk Fat is the fatty portion of milk, also called butterfat


Milk Protein

Milk Protein is protein derived from Milk. Milk Protein Concentrate is the concentrated form of the high quality milk proteins casein and whey. The concentrate is greater than 80% pure protein. Milk Protein Isolate is a combination of two milk proteins found in both whey and casein.


Milk Thistle Extractives

Milk Thistle Extractives are derived from the plant silybum marianum, which is also known as cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milk thistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary's thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle. This species is an annual or biennial plant of the family Asteraceae.


Milled Corn

To make Milled Corn, the corn kernel first has the outside shell ground off in the mill and removed. The rest of it is then ground finer. Corn flower is the finest grind.


Mint Flavor

Mint Flavor is a flavor that tastes like mint.


Mixed Triglycerides

Mixed Triglycerides are created when one molecule of glycerol is combined with two or three different fatty acids


Modified Food Starch

Modified Food Starch is made by treating starch (usually corn but alternatively wheat, rice, potato or tapioca) to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules. It is a polysaccharide, meaning it is made of many simple sugars that are linked together to form a long chain of sugar molecules.


Mojito Flavor

Mojito Flavor is a flavor that tastes like a mojito.


Molasses

Molasses is a thick syrup produced during the refining of sugar (sugar cane) or from sorghum (cereal grass). Varies from light to dark brown in color. Dried Molasses is Molasses that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Monk Fruit

Monk Fruit is a small melon produced by the Siraitia grosvenorii vine, a herbaceous, perennial vine of the Cucurbitaceae family. Monk Fruit Extract, a concentrated powder form, is 150-200 times sweeter than sugar.


Monocalcium Phosphate

Monocalcium Phosphate is the calcium salt of phosphoric acid.


Monoglyceride

A Monoglyceride is a substance created by combining specific fats or oils with glycerol (a sugar alcohol). It is derived from plant sources, not from animals.


Monopotassium Phosphate

Monopotassium Phosphate is a soluble salt which is a nutritive source of phosphorus and potassium


Monosodium Glutamate

Monosodium Glutamate is the sodium salt of glutamic acid. Has an "umami" or meaty flavor.


Monounsaturated Fats

Monounsaturated Fats are found in a variety of foods such as avocado, olive and rapeseed (canola) oils. They are liquid at room temperature (oil).


Morello Cherry Flavor

Morello Cherry Flavor is a flavor that tastes like morello cherries.


Mushrooms

Mushrooms are the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source


N

Natural And Artificial Flavor

Natural And Artificial Flavor includes both natural and artificial flavorings.


Natural Apple Extract (Color)

Natural Apple Extract (Color) is concentrated apple that is used to color a food or beverage.


Natural Flavor

Natural flavors are obtained from essences or extracts of substances found in nature such as spices, fruits, fruit juices, vegetables, or herbs.


Natural Smoke Flavor

Natural Smoke Flavor is a flavor that tastes like smoke. It is made by collecting the smoke from burning wood, dissolving it in water and condensing it into solids.


Niacin

Niacin is a form of Vitamin B3. It is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans and whole grain breads or cereals.


Nitrogen

Nitrogen is the chemical element of atomic number 7, a colorless, odorless unreactive gas that forms about 78 percent of the earth's atmosphere. Liquid nitrogen is made by distilling liquid air.


Non Dairy Creamer

Non Dairy Creamer is a liquid or granular substance made from non-dairy ingredients intended to substitute for milk or cream as an additive to coffee, tea, hot chocolate or other beverages.


Nonfat Dry Milk

Nonfat Dry Milk is the dry, solid form of non-fat milk (skim milk). Contains no more than 1.5 percent fat and no more than 5 percent moisture.


Nonfat Milk

Nonfat Milk, also known as skim milk, is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, Nonfat Milk must contain less than 0.5% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.


O

Oat Bran

Oat Bran is the outer layer of the groat. Ground into powdery beige granules. Natural source of soluble fiber.


Oat Flour

Oat Flour is made from finely ground rolled oats.


Oat Hull Fiber

Oat Hull Fiber is insoluble fiber derived from oat hulls, the outermost part of the oat kernel that surrounds the oat groat


Oatmeal Cookie Pieces

Oatmeal Cookie Pieces are small pieces of oatmeal cookies


Odorless Garlic

Odorless Garlic is allium sativum, a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive and rakkyo.


Oleic Acid

Oleic Acid is a monounsaturated fatty acid found in plants and animals. High Oleic Oils have more of this monounsaturated fat than polyunsaturated fat.


Oligofructose

Oligofructose is a synonym for fructo-oligosaccharide or FOS. A carbohydrate derived from fruits and vegetables.


Olive Oil

Olive Oil is extracted from olives.


Onion

The Onion is a bulb vegetable that is grown underground. Onion Powder is made from onions that have been dried and ground into a powder.


Orange

An Orange is a globuse berry with a yellowish to reddish-orange rind and a sweet edible pulp. A hybrid, between pomelo (Citrus maxima) and mandarin (Citrus reticulata), it has been cultivated since ancient times. Orange Peel is the rind of an orange, often used as zest (the colored portion.) Brewed Orange Peel is made by steeping dried orange peel in hot water.


Orange Extract

Orange Extract is a concentrated form of orange.


Orange Juice

Orange Juice is the liquid contained in oranges. Acid Reduced Orange Juice is the reduced acid form of Orange Juice. Pasteurized Orange Juice is Orange Juice that has been treated with heat to eliminate pathogens and extend shelf-life. Orange Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Orange Juice. Orange Juice from Concentrate is Orange Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Oregano

Oregano is a culinary herb form the plant Origanum vulgare. Widely used in Greek and Italian dishes.


P

Palm Kernel And Palm Oil

Palm Kernel And Palm Oil is a mix of both palm kernel oil, which comes from the pit of the palm fruit, and palm oil, which is from the fleshy part of the palm fruit.


Palm Kernel Oil

Palm Kernel Oil is extracted from the pit of the palm fruit and is higher in saturated fat than palm oil. It is solid at room temperature. Fractionated Palm Kernel Oil is Palm Kernel Oil that has been divided into smaller parts to enhance functionality. Modified Palm Kernel Oil is a mixture of liquid and solid Palm Kernel Oil. Hydrogenated Palm Kernel Oil is Palm Kernel Oil that has been changed from liquid to semi-solid by adding hydrogen.


Palm Oil

Palm Oil is extracted from the fleshy part of the palm fruit. It is relatively high in saturated fat and semi-solid at room temperature. Modified Palm Oil is a mix of liquid and solid Palm Oil. Hydrogenated Palm Oil is Palm Oil that has been changed from liquid to semi-solid by adding hydrogen.


Panax Ginseng Root Extract

Panax Ginseng Root Extract is a concentrated material made from the roots of the Panax ginseng plant, also known as Korean ginseng. The main active components of ginseng are called ginsenosides.


Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)

Vitamin B5, also known as Pantothenic Acid, is essential in the breakdown of fats and protein. It is found in milk, leafy vegetables, fresh meat and egg yolks.


Paprika

Paprika is a substance from the dried, ground, ripe fruit of the herb Capsicum annuum (sweet peppers). Also called sweet pepper or pimiento.


Parmesan

Parmesan is a hard cheese made from unpasteurized cow's milk


Parsley

Parsley is a species of Petroselinum in the family Apiaceae. Widely cultivated as an herb, a spice, and a vegetable. Pried Parsley is Parsley that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Passion Fruit Juice

Passion Fruit Juice is the liquid contained in passion fruit. Passion Fruit Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Passion Fruit Juice. Passion Fruit Juice from Concentrate is Passion Fruit Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Pea Protein

Pea Protein is protein derived from peas. Pea Protein Concentrate is a concentrated form of Pea Protein. Partially Hydrolyzed Pea Protein is Pea Protein that has been partially broken down into amino acids. Pea Protein Isolate is a processed form of Pea Protein.


Peach Flavor

Peach Flavor is a flavor that tastes like peach.


Peach Juice

Peach Juice is the liquid contained in Peaches. Clarified Peach Juice is Peach Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency. Peach Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Peach Juice. Peach Juice from Concentrate is Peach Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Peach Puree

Peach Puree is crushed peaches. Peach Puree Concentrate is concentrated (liquids removed) Peach Puree. Peach Puree from Concentrate is Peach Puree Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Peaches

Peaches are the edible stone fruit from the Prunus persica, is a deciduous tree. A round, sweet fruit that has white or yellow flesh, soft yellow or pink skin, and a large, hard seed at the center. Dried Peaches are Peaches that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Peanut

The Peanut is a species in the legume family. Roasted Peanuts Peanut Butter is a food paste or spread made from ground Roasted Peanuts.


Peanut Flavor

Peanut Flavor is a flavor that tastes like peanut.


Peanut Flour

Peanut Flour is made from finely ground peanuts. Partially Defatted Peanut Flour is made from peanuts that have been roasted and processed to obtain a lower fat peanut flour with a strong roasted flavor.


Peanut Oil

Peanut Oil is extracted from peanuts.


Pear Juice

Pear Juice is the liquid contained in pears. Filtered Pear Juice is pear juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and fruit solids. Pear Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Pear Juice.


Pear Puree

Pear Puree is crushed pears. Pear Puree Concentrate is concentrated (liquids removed) Pear Puree.


Peas

Peas are the small spherical seeds or the seed-pods of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.


Pecans

Pecans are a type of tree nut, produced by a species of hickory tree


Pectin

Pectin is a soluble dietary fiber found in the cell walls of fruits and vegetables. In human digestion, pectin goes through the system intact and serves as a bulking agent. Since it is not absorbed, it has no nutritive value other than fiber. Pectin is produced commercially as a powder and mainly extracted from citrus fruits.


Peppermint

Peppermint is a hybrid mint, a cross between watermint and spearmint


Phenylalanine

Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid found in many protein-containing foods. It is also one of the two amino acid components present in aspartame. All products sweetened with aspartame carry a statement on the label to alert individuals with the rare genetic disease, phenylketonuria. These people must restrict their intake of phenylalanine. The statement reads Phenylketonurics: Contains Phenylalanine. Phenylalanine is found in almost all foods that contain protein such as beef, milk, fish, eggs, and cheese. People with the disease phenylketonuria must avoid eating these foods as well as avoiding intake of phenylalanine itself. For the rest of the population phenylalanine and phenylalanine containing foods are completely safe. For comparison, an 8-ounce glass of milk has more than 4 times as much phenylalanine as a 12-ounce Diet Pepsi.


Phosphoric Acid

Phosphoric acid is a mineral (inorganic) acid that is added to some soft drinks to provide tartness. The use of phosphoric acid adds some dietary phosphorus to the beverage.


Pine Nuts

Pine Nuts are the edible seeds of pines (family Pinaceae, genus Pinus)


Pineapple

Pineapple belongs to the Bromeliaceae family, from which one of its most important health-promoting compounds, the enzyme bromelain, was named. Are actually not just one fruit but a composite of many flowers whose individual fruitlets fuse together around a central core. Each fruitlet can be identified by an "eye," the rough spiny marking on the pineapple's surface. Have a wide cylindrical shape, a scaly green, brown or yellow skin and a regal crown of spiny, blue-green leaves. The fibrous flesh of pineapple is yellow in color and has a vibrant tropical flavor that balances the tastes of sweet and tart. The area closer to the base of the fruit has more sugar content and therefore a sweeter taste and more tender texture. Dried Pineapples are pineapples that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated). Brewed Pineapple is made by steeping dried pineapple in hot water.


Pineapple Flavor

Pineapple Flavor is a flavor that tastes like pineapple.


Pineapple Juice

Pineapple Juice is the liquid contained in pineapples. Clarified Pineapple Juice is Pineapple Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency. Pineapple Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Pineapple Juice. Pineapple Juice from Concentrate is Pineapple Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Pineapple Juice Syrup

Pineapple Juice Syrup is syrup made from pineapple juice, sugar and water.


Pistachio Nuts

The Pistachio Nut is a tree nut that is a member of the cashew family.


Plum Puree

Plum Puree is made of crushed plums, the globular to oval smooth-skinned edible fruits that are drupes with oblong seeds from any of various trees and shrubs (genus Prunus) of the rose family. A stone fruit.


Polydextrose

Polydextrose is a blend of glucose, citric acid and sorbitol.


Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate

Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate is a substance made from glycerol and fatty acids.


Polysorbate 60

Polysorbate 60 is an emulsifier made up of polyoxyethylene and sorbitan monooleate.


Pomegranate

A Pomegranate is a several-celled reddish berry that is about the size of an orange with a thick leathery skin and many seeds with pulpy crimson arils of tart flavor


Pomegranate Flavor

Pomegranate Flavor is a flavor that tastes like pomegranate.


Pomegranate Juice

Pomegranate Juice is the liquid contained in pomegranates, a several-celled reddish berry that is about the size of an orange with a thick leathery skin and many seeds with pulpy crimson arils of tart flavor. Pomegranate Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Pomegranate Juice. Pomegranate Juice from Concentrate is Pomegranate Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Potassium

Potassium is an essential dietary mineral and an electrolyte that helps meet the mineral needs of active people. It is found naturally in fruits, vegetables and meats. Orange and grapefruit juices are good sources. In beverages, it may be added for its nutrient value or come from other ingredients.


Potassium Benzoate

Potassium Benzoate is the potassium salt of benzoic acid.


Potassium Carbonate

Potassium Carbonate is potassium salt, made from potassium hydroxide and carbon dioxide.


Potassium Chloride

Potassium Chloride is the potassium salt of chloride.


Potassium Citrate

Potassium Citrate is the salt form of citric acid.


Potassium Iodide

Potassium Iodide is the potassium salt of iodine.


Potassium Phosphate

Potassium Phosphate is a generic term for the salts of potassium and phosphate ions including: Monopotassium phosphate, Dipotassium phosphate and Tripotassium phosphate.


Potassium Sorbate

Potassium Sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid.


Potassium Sulfate

Potassium Sulfate is the mineral salt of potassium.


Potato Starch

Potato Starch is made from potatoes. Modified Potato Starch is made by treating Potato Starch to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules. It is a polysaccharide, meaning it is made up of many simple sugars that are linked together by chemical bonds to form a long chain of sugar molecules.


Preservatives

Preservatives are compounds added to foods to prevent microbial growth, oxidation and/or staling of product.


Prickly Pear Juice

Prickly Pear Juice is the liquid contained in the prickly pear fruit, Opuntia, which is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae. Prickly Pear Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Prickly Pear Juice.


Propylene Glycol Mono- and Diesters of Fats and Fatty Acids

Propylene Glycol Mono- and Diesters of Fats and Fatty Acids is a viscous, colorless liquid produced from edible oils.


Protease

Protease or Proteolytic Enzymes are enzymes used to hydrolyze intact protein and break them down into peptide units (small chains of amino acids).


Protein

Protein is an essential nutrient. Sources of Protein include meats, fish, eggs, milk, legumes, soy, nuts, seeds and grains. Hydrolyzed Protein is Protein that has been broken down into its component amino acids. Protein Isolate is a processed form of Protein.


Pumpkin Seeds

Pumpkin Seeds, also known as pepita, are the edible seeds of a pumpkin. Roasted Pumpkin Seeds have been heated to enhance their flavor and aroma. Compared to raw seeds, they have slightly more fat and calories per gram, but the difference is minimal.


Purified Stevia Leaf Extract

Purified Stevia Leaf Extract, also known by the brand name PureVia (R), is a low calorie sweetener derived from the leaves of the Stevia plant that is 200 times sweeter than sugar so it has virtually no calories when used in foods and beverages. It may be consumed safely by phenylketonurics. For more information about this and other sweeteners, please visit the Sweeteners page in the What's Inside section.


Purified Water

Purified Water is water that is produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis or another suitable process that meets appropriate standards to be called purified water. It must contain no more than 10 ppm of dissolved solids.


Purple Carrot

Purple Carrots derive their color from anthocyanin. The purple pigments are full of antioxidants. Purple Carrots contain twice as much alpha- and beta-carotene, which the body turns into vitamin A, compared to orange Carrots.


Purple Carrot Juice

Purple Carrot Juice is the liquid contained in purple carrots. Purple Carrot Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Purple Carrot Juice.


Purple Carrot Juice Concentrate (Color)

Purple Carrot Juice Concentrate (Color) is concentrated juice from purple carrots that is used to provide color.


Purple Sweet Potato Juice Concentrate (Color)

Purple Sweet Potato Juice (Color) is concentrated juice from the purple sweet potato that is used to provide color.


Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6)

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride is the chemical name for vitamin B6, a water soluble vitamin that performs a wide variety of functions in the body. It is found in many foods including beans, nuts, legumes, eggs, meats, fish and whole grains.


Q

Quillaia

Quillaia is a purified (cooked, filtered and pasteurized) extract made from the bark of the Quillaia tree.


Quinoa

Quinoa is an ancient food originally cultivated by the Incas. The seed of the Goosefoot plant, Quinoa ranges in color from ivory, pinks, brown, red and black, and has a mild, slightly nutty flavor. The seeds are gluten free which makes it a nutritional alternative for those with celiac disease. Quinoa flakes are pressed Quinoa. Each seed is rolled flat to make a flake.


Quinoa Flour

Quinoa Flour is made from finely ground quinoa seeds.


R

Raisins

Raisins are dried grapes.


Raspberries

Raspberries are the edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus Rubus of the rose family, most of which are in the subgenus Idaeobatus. There are over 200 species of raspberries, all belonging to the scientific genus called Rubus. Most of those grown commercially fall into three groups: red raspberries, black raspberries, and purple raspberries. Dried Raspberries are raspberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Raspberry Juice

Raspberry Juice is the liquid contained in Raspberries. Raspberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of Raspberry Juice.


Raspberry Puree

Raspberry Puree is crushed Raspberries.


Red 3

Red 3 is a colorant for foods and other substances. Also known as Erythrosine and FD&C Red3.


Red 40

Red 40 is a colorant for foods and other substances. Also known as Allura Red and FD&C Red40.


Red Beet Juice

Red Beet Juice is the liquid contained in Red Beets. Red Beet Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Red Beet Juice. Red Beet Juice from Concentrate is Beet Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Red Clover Extract

Trifolium pratense, the Red Clover, is a herbaceous species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, native to Europe, Western Asia and northwest Africa, but planted and naturalized in many other regions.


Red Grape Juice

Red Grape Juice is the liquid contained in red grapes. Red Grape Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Red Grape Juice.


Red Grape Juice Concentrate (Color)

Red Grape Juice Concentrate (Color) is the concentrated juice from red grapes that is used to provide color.


Red Radish Juice (Color)

Red Radish Juice (Color) is the concentrated juice from red radishes to provide color


Red Raspberries

Red Raspberries are the edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus Rubus of the rose family, most of which are in the subgenus Idaeobatu.


Red Raspberry Juice

Red Raspberry Juice is the liquid contained in Red Raspberries. Red Raspberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Red Raspberry Juice.


Red Raspberry Puree

Red Raspberry Puree is crushed Red Raspberries.


Reduced Fat Milk

Reduced Fat Milk is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, Reduced Fat Milk must contain between 0.5% and 2% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.


Reduced Iron

Reduced Iron is a mineral used in food as a nutrient supplement.


Reduced Lactose Whey

Reduced Lactose Whey is produced by removing lactose from whey.


Resistant Maltodextrin (Fibersol-2)

Resistant Maltodextrin (Fibersol-2) is a form of soluble dietary fiber that is typically derived from corn, rice or wheat


Riboflavin

Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) is a water-soluble B-Vitamin that is important for body growth and red blood cell production. It helps in releasing energy from the foods a person eats and is found in dairy products, meats, poultry, and fish.


Rice

Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice). As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia. Types include: Brown: unmilled or partially milled rice, considered a whole grain, White: refined grain with germ and bran removed, Wild: combination of four types of grasses, generally considered a whole grain and contains more dietary fiber and protein than white rice. Rice Flour is finely ground Rice. Crisp Rice is milled rice that has been lightly toasted. Parboiled Rice is Rice that has been boiled in the husk. It contains more thiamin than refined white rice.


Rice Extract

Rice Extract is a concentrated form of rice.


Rice Starch

Rice Starch is made from the main component of rice. It is an insoluble white powder consisting of both amylose and amylopectin.


Rice Syrup

Rice Syrup is a sweetener made by cooking rice with enzymes to turn the starch into sugar. Rice Syrup Solids are made from dried Rice Syrup.


Rolled Wheat Flakes

Rolled Wheat Flakes are flattened whole grain wheat berries.


Romaine Lettuce Juice

Romaine Lettuce Juice is the liquid contained in romaine lettuce.


Rose Hip Extract

Rose Hip Extract, which contains vitamin C, is a concentrated material made from the rose plant.


Rose Hips

Rose Hips are the fruit of the rose plant. Rose Hips Powder is made from Rose Hips that have been dried and ground into a powder.


Rose Water

Rose Water is a liquid made from water and rose petals. Rose Essence is a concentrated form of rose water.


Rosemary

Rosemary is an aromatic spice from the dried leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis, an evergreen shrub. Dried Rosemary is Rosemary that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Rosemary Extract

Rosemary Extract is the concentrated form of Rosemary.


Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice

Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice is the liquid contained in ruby red grapefruits. Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice. Ruby Red Grapefruit the liquid contained in Concentrate is Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Rye

Rye is a member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum).


S

Safflower Oil

Safflower Oil is extracted from the safflower plant, a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual plant.


Sage

Sage is an aromatic plant with grayish-green leaves that are used as a culinary herb. Brewed Sage is made by steeping dried sage in hot water.


Salt

Salt is a mineral substance composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl). Chloride and sodium ions, the two major components of salt, are needed by all known living creatures.


Sea Salt

Sea Salt is form of sodium chloride (table salt) obtained from the sea.


Semi-Sweet Chocolate Chips

Semi-Sweet Chocolate Chips (or chunks) are small chunks of semi-sweet chocolate.


Semolina

Semolina is coarsely ground grain (usually durum wheat). Contains Gluten.


Sesame Oil

Sesame Oil is extracted from sesame seeds, a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne.


Silicon Dioxide

Silicon Dioxide is a transparent, tasteless crystal or powder practically insoluble in water or acids.


Skim Milk

Skim Milk, also known as nonfat milk, is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, Skim Milk must contain less than 0.5% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.


Sodium

Sodium is a dietary mineral and electrolyte. It is one of the main components of the fluids in the human body and plays a vital role, helping to carry nutrients to cells. It is also necessary for the regulation of blood and body fluids, transmission of nerve impulses, heart activity, and certain metabolic functions.


Sodium Acetate

Sodium Acetate is the sodium salt of acetic acid.


Sodium Alginate

Sodium Alginate is the sodium salt of alginic acid, a gum extracted from the cell walls of brown algae.


Sodium Aluminum Phosphate

Sodium Aluminum Phosphate is an inorganic compound made from alumina, phosphoric acid and sodium hydroxide.


Sodium Ascorbate

Sodium Ascorbate is a form of Ascorbic Acid, or Vitamin C.


Sodium Benzoate

Sodium Benzoate is the sodium salt of benzoic acid.


Sodium Bicarbonate

Sodium Bicarbonate is the bicarbonate salt of sodium. A mineral that can be derived from nahcolite. Commonly known as baking soda.


Sodium Caseinate

Sodium Caseinate is a soluble or dissolvable form of casein (milk protein).


Sodium Citrate

Sodium Citrate is the sodium salts of citric acid.


Sodium Diacetate

Sodium Diacetate is a salt of acetic acid.


Sodium Hexametaphosphate

Sodium Hexametaphosphate is an organic compound made from sodium, phosphorous and oxygen. It is more commonly called Sodium Polymetaphosphate or Graham's Salt.


Sodium Phosphate

Sodium Phosphate is a sodium salt of phosphoric acid.


Sodium Polyphosphates

Sodium Polyphosphates are an organic compound made from sodium, phosphorous and oxygen. They are sometimes called Sodium Hexametaphosphate or Graham's Salt.


Sodium Propionate (Preservative)

Sodium Propionate (Preservative) is the sodium salt of propionic acid.


Sodium Saccharin

Sodium Saccharin is a no-calorie sweetener. It is approximately 200-700 times sweeter than sugar which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it doesn't contribute any calories. It has been approved for use in certain dietary foods and beverages by the U.S. FDA and health organizations around the world. For more information visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.


Sodium Silicoaluminate

Sodium Silicoaluminate is derived from a class of minerals called zeolites.


Sodium Sulfite

Sodium Sulfite is a soluble compound of sodium and sulfur.


Soluble Fiber

Soluble Fiber is a type of dietary fiber that dissolves in water to form a viscous “gel” in the digestive system.


Soluble Vegetable Powder

Soluble Vegetable Powder is made from vegetables that have been dried and ground into a powder.


Sorbitan Tristearate

Sorbitan Tristearate is derived from sorbitol and stearic acid.


Sorbitol

Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol found in many fruits but often sourced from corn syrup.


Sour Cherry Juice

Sour Cherry Juice is the liquid contained in the sour cherry. Sour Cherry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Sour Cherry Juice.


Sour Cream

Sour Cream is a dairy product obtained by fermenting regular cream with lactic acid bacteria.


Soy Flour

Soy Flour is flour made from the starchy part (endosperm) of the soybean.


Soy Lecithin

Soy Lecithin is a liquid or powdered compound from soybeans. Allergen Notes: According to the Food Allergy Network, soy lecithin can be tolerated by many people with soy allergies since it is more fat than protein. However, even if soy lecithin appears as the only source of soy on a product label, the product will be labeled as "contains soy" if protein levels are above the threshold for food allergy labeling.


Soy Protein

Soy Protein is obtained from soybeans in various forms. Three primary forms are soybean flour which contains about 50% protein, soybean concentrate (or soy protein concentrate) which contains about 70% protein, and soybean protein isolate (or soy protein isolate) which contains about 90% protein. Enzyme Modified Soy Protein is Soy Protein which has been treated with enzymes to produce a concentrated protein. Hydrolyzed Soy Protein is Soy Protein that has been broken down into it's component amino acids.


Soy Sauce

Soy Sauce is a condiment made from a fermented paste of soybeans, roasted grain, brine, and Aspergillus oryzae or Aspergillus sojae molds


Soybean

Soybean is a species of legume. It is one of the few plant foods considered to be a complete protein.


Soybean Oil

Soybean Oil is a vegetable oil extracted from soybean seeds.


Sparkling Water

Sparking Water is carbonated water that is flavorless, effervescent or bubbly.


Spearmint

Spearmint is an aromatic herb (species Mentha spicata), of the mint family (Lamiaceae, or Labiatae). Brewed Spearmint is made by steeping Spearmint in hot water.


Spearmint Oil

Spearmint Oil is extracted from spearmint.


Spices

Spices are varieties of aromatic dried seed, fruits and roots in whole, broken, or ground form. Difference between herbs and spices are herbs come from leafy, green plant parts and may be used fresh and spices are always dried.


Spinach

Spinach is an edible flowering plant in the family of Amaranthaceae. Dried Spinach is Spinach that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated). Spinach Powder is Dried Spinach that has been ground into a powder.


Spinach Juice

Spinach Juice is the liquid contained in the spinach plant. Spinach Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Spinach Juice.


Spirulina

Spirulina is a member of the blue algae family. Spirulina Powder is made from Spirulina that has been dried and ground into a powder.


Spring Water

Spring Water is water that comes from an underground source where the water flows naturally to the surface of the earth.


Starfruit Flavor

Starfruit Flavor is a flavor that tastes like starfruit.


Strawberries

Strawberries are the edible fruit of low-growing plants of the genus Fragaria, having white flowers and an aggregate fruit that consists of a red fleshy edible receptacle and numerous seedlike fruitlets. Dried Strawberries are Strawberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Strawberry Flavor

Strawberry Flavor is a flavor that tastes like strawberries.


Strawberry Juice

Strawberry Juice is the liquid contained in strawberries. Strawberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form Strawberry Juice. Strawberry Juice from Concentrate is Strawberry Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Strawberry Puree

Strawberry Puree is crushed Strawberries. Strawberry Puree Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Strawberry Puree. Strawberry Puree from Concentrate is Strawberry Puree that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Sucralose

Sucralose is also known by its brand name Splenda(R). It has no calories and is 600 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose). For more information about this and other sweeteners, please visit the Sweeteners page in the What's Inside section.


Sucrose Acetate Isobutyrate

Sucrose Acetate Isobutyrate is a pale, straw colored liquid.


Sugar

Sugar is the common name for table sugar or sucrose which is made up of the two simple sugars glucose and fructose. General term used to describe simple sugars which are types of carbohydrates.


Sulfites

Sulfites are a class of sulfur containing compounds


Sulfur Dioxide

Sulfur Dioxide is sulfur containing gas that dissolves in water.


Sunflower Lecithin

Sunflower Lecithin is a mixture of phospholipids extracted from sunflower seeds.


Sunflower Oil

Sunflower Oil is extracted from sunflower seeds. It is a combination of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats with low saturated fat levels and is light in taste and appearance.


Sunflower Seeds

Sunflower Seeds are seeds of the sunflower plant Helianthus annuus.


Sweet Potato

Sweet Potato is a root vegetable that is large, starchy and sweet-tasting. It is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the family Convolvulaceae. Dried Sweet Potatoes are sweet potatoes that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Sweet Potato Puree

Sweet Potato Puree is crushed Sweet Potato.


Sweetened Condensed Milk

Sweetened Condensed Milk is cows milk sweetened with milk that has had water removed (condensed)


T

Tamarind

Tamarind is the fruit of the tropical tree Tamarindus indica.


Tamarind Juice

Tamarind Juice is the liquid contained in Tamarinds. Tamarind Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Tamarind Juice.


Tangerine Extract

Tangerine Extract is a concentrated form of tangerine.


Tangerine Juice

Tangerine Juice is the liquid contained in tangerines, a variety of mandarin orange with a deep-reddish-yellow color and segments that are easily separated.


Tapioca

Tapioca is a starchy substance extracted from a root plant, similar to a sweet potato or ginger.


Tapioca Dextrin

Tapioca Dextrin is created by the breakdown of tapioca starch. Tapioca starch is obtained from the root of the cassava plant.


Tapioca Maltodextrin

Tapioca Maltodextrin is a polysaccharide made from Tapioca


Tapioca Syrup

Tapioca Syrup is a starchy syrup extracted from a root plant, similar to a sweet potato or ginger. Tapioca Syrup Solids are made from dried Tapioca Syrup.


Tartaric Acid

Tartaric Acid is an organic acid found in many plants including grapes.


Taurine

Taurine is an amino acid which is one of the building blocks for making protein in the body. It is commonly found in meat, poultry, eggs, dairy products and fish.


Tea

Tea comes from the camellia sinenis plant. Brewed Tea is made by steeping Tea in hot water. Instant Tea, also called Tea Powder, is Brewed Tea that has been dehydrated and granulated or powdered so that it dissolves quickly in water. Typically tea refers to black tea, as it is the most common type of tea. Black tea differs from other types due to the process of drying and aging, which results in a richer flavor than other teas.


Tertiary Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ)

Tertiary Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) is an aromatic compound which is a type of phenol


Thiamin

Thiamine (Vitamin B1) is one of the B-Vitamins. It is water soluble and essential for carbohydrate metabolism. Thiamin Mononitrate is a synthetic form of Thiamin.


Thyme

Thyme is an aromatic herb from the plant Thymus vulgaris.


Titanium Dioxide

Titanium Dioxide is a mineral often used as a white pigment in food coloring.


Tocopherol

Tocopherols (or Tocopheryl) are a form of Vitamin E. They are derived from vegetable oils.


Tomato Lycopene Extract (Color)

Tomato Lycopene Extract (Color) consists of tomato oil in which lycopene together with a number of other constituents that occur naturally in tomato, are dissolved and dispersed.


Tomato Paste

Tomato Paste is made of tomatoes that have been concentrated into a paste.


Tomatoes

Tomatoes are the edible, often red, fruit of the plant Solanum lycopersicum. Dried Tomatoes are tomatoes that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated). Tomato Powder is Dried Tomato that has been ground into a powder.


Torula Yeast

Torula Yeast is a single-celled living organism in the fungi family. Bakers and Brewers yeast are from the saccaromyces form.


Treated Water

Treated Water is water that has gone through one or more processes, such as filtration, ozonation or reverse osmosis to remove impurities and improve taste.


Tricalcium Phosphate

Tricalcium Phosphate is a source of phosphorus that also provides the essential mineral calcium.


Tripotassium Phosphate

Tripotassium Phosphate is a potassium salt of phosphate


Turmeric

Turmeric is a yellow colored spice from a plant in the ginger family.


U

Unsweetened Chocolate

Unsweetened Chocolate is solid chocolate made with just cocoa solids and cocoa butter. 


V

Vanilla Extract

Vanilla Extract is a concentrated material made from vanilla plants.


Vanilla Flavor

Vanilla Flavor is a flavor that tastes like vanilla.


Vanillin

Vanillin is the primary component of the extract of the vanilla bean, which is often synthetized for commercial use.


Vegetable Juice

Vegetable Juice is the liquid contained in vegetables. Vegetable Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Vegetable Juice.


Vegetable Juice Concentrate (Color)

Vegetable Juice Concentrate (color) is concentrated juice made from vegetables that is used to provide color.


Vegetable Oil

Vegetable Oil is a triglyceride extracted from a plant.


Vegetable Shortening

Vegetable oil that is solid at room temperature


Vinegar

Vinegar is a liquid consisting mainly of acetic acid and water.


Vitamin A

Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin necessary for cell growth and healthy skin. Food sources include dark leafy vegetables, eggs, orange and yellow fruits and vegetables.


Vitamin A Palmitate

Vitamin A Palmitate is a supplemental form of Vitamin A.


Vitamin B1

Vitamin B1, also known as Thiamine, is a water soluble vitamin that is essential for carbohydrate metabolism.


Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12, also known as Cyanocobalamin, is important for a wide number of functions in the body including metabolism, the formation of red blood cells, and the maintenance of the central nervous system. It is found in many foods including eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, and milk products.


Vitamin B2

Vitamin B2, also known as Riboflavin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is important for body growth and red blood cell production and helps in releasing energy from the foods a person eats. It is found in dairy products, meats, poultry, and fish.


Vitamin B3

Vitamin B3, also known as Niacin, is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans and whole grain breads or cereals.


Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6, also known as Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, is a water soluble vitamin that performs a wide variety of functions in the body. It is found in many foods including beans, nuts, legumes, eggs, meats, fish and whole grains.


Vitamin B9

Vitamin B9, also known as Folate, is found in many foods including dark green leafy vegetables, oranges, fruits, rice, brewer’s yeast, beans, asparagus, soybeans and soy flour. It can also be produced synthetically in which case it is called Folic Acid.


Vitamin C

Vitamin C, also known as Ascorbic Acid, is involved in tissue repair and several other metabolic functions. It is found in many fruits and vegetables including citrus and potatoes.


Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is found in food and can also be made in your body after exposure to sun. It helps the body maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D also helps to form and maintain strong bones.


Vitamin D3

Vitamin D3 is a fat-soluble vitamin that is found in food and can also be made in your body after exposure to sun. Helps to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D helps to form and maintain strong bones. Vitamin D3 comes in several forms.


Vitamin E

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.


Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps with blood clotting. It is found in cabbage, spinach, broccoli, cauliflower, green leafy vegetables, and canola, soybean and olive oils.


W

Walnuts

Walnuts are the nut of any tree of the genus Juglans, particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia.


Water

Water is transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid. A compound of hydrogen and oxygen 11.188 % hydrogen and 88.812% oxygen by weight.


Watermelon Flavor

Watermelon Flavor is a flavor that tastes like watermelon.


Watermelon Juice

Watermelon juice is the liquid contained in watermelons. Clarified Watermelon Juice is Watermelon Juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and improve consistency. Watermelon Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Watermelon Juice. Watermelon Juice from Concentrate is Watermelon Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Wheat

Wheat is a cereal grain from the genus Triticum. Pearled Wheat has been processed to remove its hull. Whole Grain Wheat contains all three parts of the kernel (bran, germ and endosperm). Wheat Flour is finely ground Wheat. Bleached Wheat Flour has been processed to appear whiter.


Wheat Gluten

Wheat Gluten is gluten derived from wheat. Hydrolyzed Wheat Gluten is Wheat Gluten that has been broken down into its component amino acids.


Wheat Protein

Wheat Protein is protein derived from Wheat. Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein


Wheat Starch

Wheat Starch is made from the endosperm (fleshy, starchy part) of the wheat. Modified Wheat Starch is made by treating Wheat Starch to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules. It is a polysaccharide, meaning it is made up of many simple sugars that are linked together by chemical bonds to form a long chain of sugar molecules.


Wheatgrass

Wheatgrass is a cereal grain.


Wheatgrass Juice

Wheatgrass Juice is the liquid contained in wheatgrass, a cereal grass.


Whey

Whey is the liquid that remains after milk has been curdled and strained. Whey Powder is dehydrated (liquid removed) Whey.


Whey Mineral Concentrate

Whey Mineral Concentrate is a concentrated form of whey protein. The concentrate is greater than 80% protein.


Whey Protein

Whey Protein is one of the two major groups of proteins found in milk (the other is casein). It is a highly digestible source of protein. Whey Protein Crisp is ready to eat, dried and puffed Whey Protein. Whey Protein Concentrate is a concentrated form of Whey Protein. The concentrate is greater than 80% protein. Whey Protein Isolate is a processed form of whey protein. It is greater than 90% protein. Whey Protein Hydrolysate is a form of Whey Protein that has undergone hydrolysis, which is the process of adding water to a substance to allow for the protein to be broken down further and metabolized easier.


White Grain Sorghum Extract

White grain sorghum is derived from a cereal grain crop.


White Grape Juice

White Grape Juice is the liquid contained in white grapes. White Grape Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of White Grape Juice. White Grape Juice from Concentrate is White Grape Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


White Pepper

White and black pepper originate from the same plant, however the timing of harvesting determines the final product. A black peppercorn is picked when still green and dried in the sun until it turns black. A white peppercorn ripens fully on the vine before it is picked.


White Tea

White Tea comes from the camellia sinenis plant. It differs from other types in that it is made from young tea leaves that are minimally aged and dried.


White Wine Vinegar

White Wine Vinegar is vinegar made from white wine.


Whole Grain Oats

Whole Grain Oats are oat grains that contain all three parts of the kernel (bran, germ and endosperm).


Whole Grain Rolled Oats

Whole Grain Rolled Oats are made from groats which are steamed, rolled and uncut.


Whole Grain Rolled Rye

Whole Grain Rolled Rye is a member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum).


Whole Grain Steel Cut Oats

Whole Grain Steel Cut Oats are groats that are cut, but not rolled. They require a longer cooking time and have a distinctive chewy texture. Also known as Scotch Oats, Pinhead Oats (in Great Britain) or Irish Oatmeal.


Whole Grains

Whole Grains are grains that contain all three parts of the kernel (bran, germ and endosperm).


X

Xanthan Gum

Xanthan Gum is a powder produced by the fermentation of a carbohydrate.


Y

Yeast

Yeast is a single-celled organism in the fungi family. Hydrolyzed Yeast is Yeast that has been broken down into it's component amino acids.


Yeast Extract

Yeast Extract is a food additive made from concentrated yeast. Contains Glutamate but does NOT contain MSG (mono sodium glutamate).


Yeast Protein

Yeast Protein is protein derived from yeast. Hydrolyzed Yeast Protein is Yeast Protein that has been broken down into its component amino acids.


Yellow 5

Yellow 5, also known as Tartrazine, is an FD&C approved color.


Yellow 6

Yellow 6, also known as Sunset Yellow, is an FD&C approved color.


Yerba Mate

Yerba Mate Extract is a concentrated material made from yerba mate leaves. Yerba Mate is a widely cultivated, medium sized evergreen tree. The leaves have been used for many years to make common beverages and are a source of polyphenols and caffeine.


Yogurt

Yogurt is produced by bacterial fermentation of milk. Dried Yogurt is yogurt that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Yucca Extract

Yucca Extract is a concentrated material made from the yucca plant.


Yumberry Flavor

Yumberry Flavor is a flavor that tastes like yumberries.


Z

Zinc Gluconate

Zinc salt of gluconic acid.


Zinc Methionine Sulfate

Zinc Methionine Sulfate is a zinc supplement that is easy for the body to absorb.


Zinc Oxide

Zinc Oxide is a source of zinc.


Zinc Sulfate

Zinc sulfate is an inorganic compound.